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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
New Athens in Harrison County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Franklin College / Cornerstone of Civil Rights

 
 
Franklin College Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, December 21, 2014
1. Franklin College Marker
Side A
Inscription. side A
Franklin College
Alma Academy
One of Ohio's earliest colleges, Alma College (earlier known as Alma Academy) was founded in 1818 and became Franklin College in 1825. Its founders were primarily of Scots-Irish descent who had settled in western Pennsylvania and eastern Ohio and were of the Presbyterian faith. Many nineteenth-century national and international leaders attended this school, including 8 U.S. Senators, 9 U.S. Representatives, 32 State Legislators, and 2 Governors. Notables include John Bingham, author of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and chief prosecutor of President Abraham Lincoln's assassins; Civil War General George W. McCook; Ohio Supreme Court Justice John Welch; and Joseph Ray, publisher of the universally popular school text Ray's Arithmetic. The slavery question bitterly divided the school, and its enrollment declined in the years following the Civil War. Franklin College closed in 1921, and its charter was later transferred to Muskingum College in New Concord, Ohio.

side B
Cornerstone of Civil Rights
John Bingham, Franklin College class of 1837, was the primary author of Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The Fourteenth Amendment protects the privileges and
Cornerstone of Civil Rights Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, December 21, 2014
2. Cornerstone of Civil Rights Marker
Side B
immunities of American citizens and guarantees due process of law and equal protection. Bingham later wrote to Franklin College classmate and friend, Reverend Titus Basfield, a former slave, "In the Fourteenth Amendment I sought to obtain for all human beings, including the long oppressed members of your race, the precious rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. This means due process of law whereby the judicial system must look benignly at a person's attempt to seek redress of wrong to his immortal rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness."
 
Erected 2003 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The International Parper Company Foundation, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 3-34.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
 
Location. 40° 11.252′ N, 80° 59.748′ W. Marker is in New Athens, Ohio, in Harrison County. Marker is on North Main Street (Ohio Route 9) 0.1 miles from Wheeling Street (Ohio Route 519), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is located at the Franklin Museum. Marker is in this post office area: New Athens OH 43981, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured
Franklin College Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, December 21, 2014
3. Franklin College Marker
as the crow flies. New Athens, Ohio (here, next to this marker); Morgan's Raid (approx. 5.6 miles away); Harrisville (approx. 5.7 miles away); Clark Gable (approx. 5.7 miles away); Cadiz G.A.R. Memorial (approx. 5.8 miles away); Harrison County Congressional Medal of Honorees (approx. 5.9 miles away); Bishop Matthew Simpson (approx. 5.9 miles away); Cadiz, Ohio (approx. 5.9 miles away).
 
Categories. Civil RightsEducationWar, US Civil
 
Cornerstone of Civil Rights Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, December 21, 2014
4. Cornerstone of Civil Rights Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 21, 2014, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 269 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 21, 2014, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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