Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Niagara Falls in Niagara County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Niagara Gorge Industrial Heritage

 
 
Niagara Gorge Industrial Heritage Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
1. Niagara Gorge Industrial Heritage Marker
Inscription. The Niagara Gorge and the power of the Niagara River were essential to the rise of Niagara Falls industry in the late 19th century. Machines and turbines could be run cheaply and efficiently utilizing the vast amounts of hydropower produced here.

This old wall and staircase was once part of a giant aluminum plant located here in the late 19th and early 20th century. The Pittsburgh Reduction Company built three aluminum plants in the city of Niagara Falls and later named them the Aluminum Company of America (ALCOA).

The first aluminum plant was completed in 1895 a few miles from here on Buffalo Avenue. The other two, completed in 1896 and 1897 respectively, were located on the rim of the Niagara Gorge.

Bauxite Mining + Alumina Refining + Smelting - Aluminum Metal.

The aluminum plants in Niagara Falls based their smelting upon a revolutionary electrolytic process discovered by Charles M. Hall for extracting pure aluminum from common clay. Aluminum smelting traditionally required huge amounts of energy. Hall's process used less electricity and reduced waste by allowing further processing of the aluminum ore. Although today's smelting is more advanced, it is still based on the method Hall invented in his kitchen over 100 years ago.

Did you know? By 1907 ALCOA had contracted with local
Southward View Niagara Gorge Industrial Heritage Marker and Wall by Gorge image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
2. Southward View Niagara Gorge Industrial Heritage Marker and Wall by Gorge
power companies for 75,000 horsepower, making it the largest aluminum works and user of hydroelectric power in the world.

The Final Product. The aluminum produced in Niagara Falls was refined into masses of metal cast in convenient form for shaping, melting, or refining. These metal "ingots" were sold to other companies at 30 cents per pound. The aluminum was used for airplanes, auto parts, cooking utensils, clock parts, office furniture, and wire.


 
Location. 43° 5.749′ N, 79° 3.665′ W. Marker is in Niagara Falls, New York, in Niagara County. Marker can be reached from Niagara Scenic Parkway (New York State Route 957A) half a mile north of Main Street (New York State Route 104). Touch for map. The Niagara Gorge Industrial Heritage Marker is located on the gorge rim trail. It is not visible from the Niagara Scenic Parkway (nee: Robert Moses Parkway), but the adjacent Niagara Gorge Important Bird Area board can be seen through a break in the trees from the Parkway. Marker is not accessible by car. I accessed this marker by parking at the Aquarium of Niagara Falls (posted for patrons only) and crossing the pedestrian bridge to the gorge rim trail at the Niagara Gorge Discovery Center (See the Great Gorge Route Marker). Marker is in this post office area: Niagara Falls NY 14303, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
Begin the Rim Trail Here. image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
3. Begin the Rim Trail Here.
The rim trail to the marker begins at the pedestrian overpass of the Robert Roses Parkway. The overpass connects the Niagara Falls Aquarium with the Niagara Gorge Discovery Center. See the Niagara Gorge Railway Marker located here and posted on hmdb. The trail head is under the overpass and north.
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Niagara Gorge Important Bird Area (here, next to this marker); The Great Gorge Route (approx. 0.2 miles away); Park Place Historic District (approx. 0.2 miles away); In Honor of the Soldiers, Sailors & Marines (approx. mile away); The Most Combat Decorated World War II Soldier (approx. mile away); Niagara Falls Medal of Honor Memorial (approx. mile away); The Carnegie Building (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Boundary Waters Treaty (approx. half a mile away in Canada). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Niagara Falls.
 
More about this marker. The GPS coordinates for this marker are approximate. The portion of the Niagara Scenic Parkway adjacent to the marker has been redesigned since the most recent satellite photographs and Google street views were posted. The marker cannot be seen at all from satellite or street view. The pedestrian bridge is the best visual reference point to approximate the coordinates by satellite or street view at the time of this posting. The Niagara Scenic Parkway (called Robert Moses Parkway until 2016) is NY Route 957A, but the route number is not posted.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Birthplace of the Aluminum Industry.
 
Also see . . .
Niagara Gorge Rim Trail Sign image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
4. Niagara Gorge Rim Trail Sign
This is an easy level walk to the marker.
 Charles M. Hall - Wikipedia. (Submitted on July 23, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceScience & MedicineWaterways & Vessels
 
Northward on the Rim Trail to the Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
5. Northward on the Rim Trail to the Marker
Niagara Gorge Industrial Heritage Marker is the Closer Board image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
6. Niagara Gorge Industrial Heritage Marker is the Closer Board
Northward View on the Rim Trail.
Southward View Niagara Gorge Industrial Heritage Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
7. Southward View Niagara Gorge Industrial Heritage Marker
Fenced Break in Off-Set Walls image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
8. Fenced Break in Off-Set Walls
Northward View.
Downriver View image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
9. Downriver View
Niagara Scenic Parkway Orientation to the Marker image. Click for full size.
By Anton Schwarzmueller, July 7, 2014
10. Niagara Scenic Parkway Orientation to the Marker
Two-way vehicular traffic on the Niagara Scenic Parkway (nee: Robert Moses Parkway) is to the left. The center way is for pedestrians, bikes, etc. The pedestrian overpass is southward, in the distance. The break in the trees to the right leads to the marker. Only the bird board can be glimpsed through the gap in the tree-line.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 12, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 22, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 233 times since then and 26 times this year. Last updated on December 25, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. Photos:   1. submitted on July 22, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.   2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on July 23, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement