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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Defenses of Winchester

 
 
Defenses of Winchester Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 15, 2007
1. Defenses of Winchester Marker
Inscription. The fort on the hilltop to the north is one of a chain of defenses commanding the crossings of the Opequon. It was constructed by Milroy in 1863.
 
Erected 1929 by Conservation & Development Commission. (Marker Number J 16.)
 
Location. 39° 6.321′ N, 78° 9.538′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker is on Front Royal Pike (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. First Battle of Winchester (approx. 2.3 miles away); Second Battle of Winchester (approx. 2.3 miles away); House of First Settler (approx. 2.4 miles away); Clark County / Frederick County (approx. 2.8 miles away); First Battle of Kernstown (approx. 2.8 miles away); a different marker also named Clark County / Frederick County (approx. 2.8 miles away); Colonel John Singleton Mosby (approx. 2.9 miles away); Stephens City (approx. 3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
Also see . . .  Second Battle of Winchester. Detailed description of the defenses of Winchester,
J 16 along the Front Royal Pike image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 15, 2007
2. J 16 along the Front Royal Pike
in addition to the description of the battle. (Submitted on October 21, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. Site of Defenses
The location of the referenced fortifications is somewhat hazy. After comparing modern topographical maps to contemporary maps from the Official Records, it appears the southern tier of defenses of Winchester were in the vicinity of the present day intersection of the Front Royal Pike (US Highway 522) and Millwood Pike (US Highways 17/50), partly leveled by the I-81 interchange nearby. This places the fortifications some three miles to the north.

This marker references an extended fortification standing to the north of the crossing of Opequon Creek and the Front Royal Pike, protecting that important avenue of approach to Winchester. The fortification was noted as "Parkins Mill Battery."

In either case, a battery of artillery and a detached Federal force faced Confederate General Edward Johnson's Division on June 13, 1863 in the southern most defenses of Winchester.
    — Submitted September 24, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar, US Civil
 
Possible Location of Battery image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 15, 2007
3. Possible Location of Battery
Just north of the marker location is this knoll overlooking the crossing of Opequon Creek by the Pike. The photo was taken from West Parkins Road (Route 644) looking west. The location is on private property.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 23, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,292 times since then and 31 times this year. Last updated on January 17, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 23, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on October 21, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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