Near Berthier-sur-Mer in Chaudière-Appalaches (region), Quebec — French Canadian Region
Grosse Île and Immigration to Canada
Grosse-Île et l’immigration au Canada
Grosse Île and the Irish Memorial National Historic Site commemorates the significant waves of immigration welcomed to Canada between the opening of the 19th century and the First World War. During this period Québec was Canada's chief port of entry, receiving more than four million immigrants. Deadly infectious diseases and a rudimentary scientific understanding of how they could be controlled required that, between 1832 and 1937, Grosse Île serve the vital function of a quarantine station protecting the public health. Priests, doctors, nurses and other staff often risked their own lives to welcome and care for the new arrivals. Grosse Île also serves as a memorial to the tragic events endured by Irish immigrants here, chiefly during the typhus epidemic of 1847, when nearly 100,000 people, the majority escaping the Great Famine then ravaging Ireland, set sail for Canada. More than five thousand ended their journey buried on this island.
Le lieu historique national de la Grosse-Île-et-le-Mémorial-des-Irlandais rappelle l'importante immigration qu'accueillit le Canada, du début du XIXe siècle jusqu'à la Première Guerre mondiale. Durant cette période, le principal port d'entrée que constituait Québec reçut plus de quatre millions d'immigrants. Dans un contexte de maladies contagieuses
Erected 1998 by Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada.
Location. 47° 1.236′ N, 70° 40.355′ W. Marker is near Berthier-sur-Mer, Quebec, in Chaudière-Appalaches (region). Marker is on Rue de la Marina. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Berthier-sur-Mer, Quebec G0R 1E0, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 11 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cholera arrives in the Americas (within shouting distance of this marker); Doukhobor Immigrants The Celtic Cross (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Veterinarians Mark the History of Animal Health in Canada (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); Hameau Dunière-Dénéchaud (approx. 10.7 kilometers away).
More about this marker. Grosse Île and the Irish Memorial National Historic Site of Canada is only accessible by ferry from Berthier-sur-Mer. This marker is located near the Disinfection Building, now the Visitors Centre and Museum.
Also see . . . In Quarantine: Life and Death on Grosse Île, 1832-1937 - Library and Archives Canada. In the 19th century, an increasing stream of people was leaving Europe to rebuild their lives in North America. Around 1830, an average of 30,000 immigrants arrived annually in the City of Québec, the main port of entry to Canada. Approximately two-thirds of these newcomers were from Ireland. This unprecedented immigration on the St. Lawrence River took place at a time when major cholera and smallpox epidemics were sweeping through Europe. In order to help control the spread of the diseases, the quarantine station at Grosse Île, located in the St. Lawrence River downstream from the City of Québec, was established in 1832 (Submitted on February 7, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
Categories. • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Science & Medicine • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 7, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 241 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on February 7, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.