Massillon in Stark County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The Little Steel Strike of 1937
During the New Deal of the 1930s, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) formed the Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC) under the leadership of CIO president John L. Lewis. Following successful CIO strikes in the rubber and automobile industries, SWOC signed hard-won contracts with U.S. Steel and Jones & Laughlin Steel, the nation's largest steelmakers, in early 1937. On May 26 SWOC struck three "Little Steel" companies for similar recognition: Inland, Republic, and Youngstown Sheet and Tube, many of whose operations were concentrated in eastern Ohio. By early June the strike idled more than 28,000 Canton, Massillon, Warren, and Youngstown steelworkers in the first major steel strike since 1919. (continued on other side)
[continued from other side] Despite the intervention of Governor William Davey and the federal Steel Mediation Board, no negotiated settlement emerged and violence escalated at many Little Steel towns. In Massillon, police, special deputies, and Republic Steel security forces confronted strikers in front of SWOC headquarters with tear gas and gunfire on the evening of July 11. Three strikers were killed and five wounded. Unfavorable publicity and the National Guard ended the strike by mid-July. Despite this setback, SWOC charged Little Steel with unfair labor
Erected 2004 by The Ohio Bicentennial commission, Greater Stark County AFL-CIO Council, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 19-76.)
Location. 40° 47.78′ N, 81° 31.282′ W. Marker is in Massillon, Ohio, in Stark County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of 1st Street SE and Diamond Court SE, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Located in southwest corner of James Duncan Plaza. Marker is in this post office area: Massillon OH 44646, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Lillian Gish (1893-1993) & Dorothy Gish (1898-1968) (a few steps from this marker); Young People's Christian Association (within shouting distance of this marker); Central Firehouse Fire Alarm Bell (within shouting distance of this marker); Football Pioneer Paul E. Brown (approx. 1.1 miles away); Private William R. Richardson Robert Pinn (approx. 1.4 miles away); Nobles Pond (approx. 4.6 miles away); Spanish Mortar (approx. 6½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Massillon.
Categories. • Labor Unions • Politics •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 8, 2015, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 257 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 8, 2015, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.