Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Leonard in Calvert County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Evidence Found in the Ground

King's Reach Site

 
 
Evidence Found in the Ground Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
1. Evidence Found in the Ground Marker
Inscription. Information about the people who lived here comes from the items that they left behind, such as objects discarded or lost. People also leave behind the remains of their buildings, as well as evidence of some of their daily activities. Archaeologist calls this type of evidence a “feature.” Unlike artifacts, features are part of the ground and cannot be removed easily. The King’s Reach features include hearths, storage cellars, garbage piles, fence ditches and discolorations in the soil left by decaying wooden posts.

Clues from Colonial Trash
Archaeologists found an amazing range of artifacts in the field: fine table glass, pottery, tobacco pipes, pewter spoons, a needle case, pins, jewelry, locks, horse harness ornaments, hoes, and animal bones, to name a just a few. They collected objects outside the houses, where early settlers threw their trash. Where the building once stood, researchers found artifacts that could have fallen between floor boards. Objects were also found in the soil that had filled the cellars and other features.

(Inscriptions below the images in the center)
Iron Chisel; German Stoneware Pottery; Clay Tobacco Pipe; Pewter Spoon; Iron Padlock.

This map shows the outline of the plantation owner’s house and servants’ residence. The possible use of rooms is noted.

(Inscriptions

Evidence Found in the Ground Marker with property ruins in the background image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
2. Evidence Found in the Ground Marker with property ruins in the background
below the image at the top right)
Volunteer archaeologists work in the laboratory analyzing bones, and artifacts. For every day spent digging in the field, many more days are spent in the laboratory cleaning and analyzing the artifacts.

(Inscriptions below the images at the bottom right)
Horse Bridle; Glass Bottle; European Tin Glaze Pottery
 
Location. 38° 24.122′ N, 76° 30.719′ W. Marker is in St. Leonard, Maryland, in Calvert County. Marker is on Jefferson Patterson Park Road. Touch for map. The marker is located on the grounds of the Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Leonard MD 20685, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. King's Reach Post Mold Patterns (here, next to this marker); What Life Was Like Here (a few steps from this marker); Excavation Process Gathers the Most Information (within shouting distance of this marker); Indian Life at the Stearns Site (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); War on the Water (about 500 feet away); Discovery of a Colonial Plantation (about 700 feet away); Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Leonard.
 
Categories. Colonial EraSettlements & Settlers

 
Distant shot of the Evidence Found in the Ground Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
3. Distant shot of the Evidence Found in the Ground Marker
Sign at the entrance to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
4. Sign at the entrance to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 18, 2015, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 169 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 18, 2015, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement