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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Alexandria, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Fighting Back

Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

 

—War of 1812 —

 
Fighting Back Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 28, 2015
1. Fighting Back Marker
Inscription. With Alexandria under British control in August 1814, top-ranking U.S. military men gathered at this high point above the city. President Madison conferred with Secretary of the Navy William Jones, Brigadier General John Hungerford, and U.S. Navy Captain David Porter, Jr. The men decided to harass the British ships as they withdrew down the Potomac.

“The town of Alexandria, with the exception of public works, shall not be destroyed, unless hostilities are commenced on the part of the Americans; nor shall the inhabitants be molested in any manner whatever, or their dwelling-houses entered, if the following articles are complied with.” British Captain Gordon, in the introduction to his articles of capitulation.

A Scare
To save their town, the Alexandrians had promised not to challenge or attack the British. But a group of U.S. naval officers, unauthorized, assaulted a British soldier. Fearing retaliation, the city fathers rushed to apologize. Fortunately the British officers decided to dismiss the incident with a warning.

(sidebar)
In the summer of 1814 the United States had been at war with Great Britain for two years. Battlefronts had erupted from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. On August 24, following their victory over the Americans at the Battle of Bladensburg,
Close up of the map on the Fighting Back Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 28, 2015
2. Close up of the map on the Fighting Back Marker
William Tatham’s 1813 map shows the Kettle Bottom Shoals that slowed the British as they sailed up the Potomac toward Washington and Alexandria. Maryland State Archives
Maryland, British troops marched on Washington with devastating results. The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail reveals sites of the War of 1812 in Washington, D.C., Virginia, and Maryland. Visit ChesapeakeExplorerApp.com or download the Chesapeake Explorer app.

(caption)
(lower center) Captain James Gordon Oil by Andrew Morton, National Maritime Museum, UK
 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail marker series.
 
Location. 38° 48.423′ N, 77° 3.802′ W. Marker is in Alexandria, Virginia. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Callahan Drive and King Street (Virginia Route 7). Touch for map. The marker is on the grounds of the George Washington Masonic National Memorial. Marker is at or near this postal address: 101 Callahan Drive, Alexandria VA 22301, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The George Washington Masonic National Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Original Federal Boundary Stone SW 2 (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Alexandria (about
Fighting Back Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 28, 2015
3. Fighting Back Marker
300 feet away); Panoramic View of Alexandria (about 500 feet away); The Duke Street Tanyard (approx. 0.4 miles away); Fort Ellsworth (approx. 0.4 miles away); The West End (approx. 0.4 miles away); Hooff's Run Bridge (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Alexandria.
 
Also see . . .
1. Stars-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail. National Park Service (Submitted on March 6, 2015.) 

2. Stars-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail - DC, MD, VA. National Park Service (Submitted on March 6, 2015.) 

3. Cultural Tourism DC. (Submitted on March 6, 2015.)
4. The George Washington Masonic National Memorial. (Submitted on March 6, 2015.)
 
Categories. War of 1812Waterways & Vessels
 
Fighting Back Marker is on the left in the bushes image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 28, 2015
4. Fighting Back Marker is on the left in the bushes
Base of the The George Washington Masonic National Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 28, 2015
5. Base of the The George Washington Masonic National Memorial
Distant shot of the George Washington Masonic National Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 28, 2015
6. Distant shot of the George Washington Masonic National Memorial
Sign on the Wall image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 28, 2015
7. Sign on the Wall
Panoramic View of Alexandria-base of the Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 28, 2015
8. Panoramic View of Alexandria-base of the Memorial
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 5, 2015, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 606 times since then and 59 times this year. Last updated on March 6, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on March 5, 2015, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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