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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Bronte in Coke County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Southern Overland Mail, 1858-1861

(Butterfield Stage)

 
 
Southern Overland Mail, 1858-1861 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, May 1, 2015
1. Southern Overland Mail, 1858-1861 Marker
Inscription. Passed near this site, providing for the first time combined passenger and mail service between Pacific and Atlantic coasts. Operating west from St. Louis and Memphis, John Butterfield’s company used 1,350 horses and mules and 90 Concord coaches and wagons.
     Stage traveled at a run, despite lack of good roads. A signal given approaching a station would have fresh horses ready and food on the table for crew and passengers. Route had stations 12 to 113 miles apart, and was sometimes changed to get water. Crew and passengers wore guns; to reduce danger of Indian attacks, mules (less coveted than horses) were used west of Ft. Belknap. The trip one way took 25 days—seven spent crossing Texas, from Prston (now under Lake Texoma) to Jacksboro, Ft. Belknap, Ft. Chadbourne and El Paso. One way fare for the 2,700 miles was $200. Passengers rarely stopped off, because they might not find seats on a later stage. Merchants in Jacksboro and other towns used Butterfield’s light freight service to make mail-order sales.
     Greatest contribution of the Overland Stage was its carrying news; coaches also brought mail from the west one to 10 days faster than it came by ship.
     Service was ended in 1861 by the Civil War.
 
Erected 1966 by Texas State Historical Survey Committee and the
View to Northwest from Marker Location image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, May 1, 2015
2. View to Northwest from Marker Location
Moody Foundation. (Marker Number 4983.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Butterfield Overland Mail marker series.
 
Location. 31° 53.825′ N, 100° 23.464′ W. Marker is near Bronte, Texas, in Coke County. Marker is on State Highway 158 half a mile east of 7 Mile Hill Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Bronte TX 76933, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Coke County (approx. 3.7 miles away); James Franklin Byrd (approx. 4 miles away); Hayrick (approx. 4 miles away); Locklin Bartholomew Murray (approx. 4.8 miles away); Cary Allen Gates (approx. 4.8 miles away); Henry Davis Pearce (approx. 4.9 miles away); Robert Lee Cemetery (approx. 4.9 miles away); Fence-Cutting War (approx. 5.5 miles away).
 
More about this marker. Marker is part of the Early Travel, Communication and Transportation Series of Texas state markers.
 
Also see . . .
1. Butterfield Overland Mail - Wikipedia entry. (Submitted on May 8, 2015.)
2. Butterfield Overland Mail. From the Texas State Historical Association’s “Handbook of Texas Online”. (Submitted on May 8, 2015.) 
 
Additional comments.
View to Southeast on State Highway 158 image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, May 1, 2015
3. View to Southeast on State Highway 158

1. Identical Marker
There is an identical marker, erected in 1966 with the assistance of the Moody Foundation, located in the northeast corner of Coke County on US Route 277.
    — Submitted May 8, 2015.

 
Categories. CommunicationsForts, CastlesRoads & Vehicles
 
View to Southwest Across State Highway 158 image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, May 1, 2015
4. View to Southwest Across State Highway 158
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 8, 2015, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 300 times since then and 73 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 8, 2015, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.
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