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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hancock in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Gettysburg Campaign

Invasion & Retreat

 
 
Gettysburg Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, August 5, 2006
1. Gettysburg Campaign Marker
Inscription. After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through the Shenandoah Valley and western Maryland as his cavalry, led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart, harassed Union supply lines to the east. Union Gen. Joseph Hooker, replaced on June 28 by Gen. George G. Meade, led the Army of the Potomac from the Washington defenses in pursuit. The Federals collided with Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on July 1, starting a battle neither side had intended to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates began retreating through Maryland, retracing their steps to the Potomac River and crossing into Virginia on July 14.

To follow in their footsteps and to discover their stories, stop by any Welcome Center or local Visitor Center to pick up a Gettysburg: Invasion & Retreat Civil War Trail map-guide. Please drive carefully as you enjoy the history and beauty of Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 41.898′ N, 78° 10.675′ W.
Two Civil War Markers Face the Trail image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, August 5, 2006
2. Two Civil War Markers Face the Trail
They are on the Western Maryland Rail Trail, the former right of way of the Western Maryland Railroad that runs parallel to and just a few feet from the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Potomac River.
Marker is in Hancock, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is on Church Street south of Main Street (Maryland Route 144), on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hancock MD 21750, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. St. Thomas Episcopal Church (here, next to this marker); The National Road (a few steps from this marker); Hancock (a few steps from this marker); Hancock Station (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Thomas Church (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hancock.
 
Regarding Gettysburg Campaign. Maryland is just two miles wide here at Hancock. West Virginia is just across the Potomac River to the south and Pennsylvania is across the Mason-Dixon Line to the north.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Two Civil War Markers Face the Trail image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, August 5, 2006
3. Two Civil War Markers Face the Trail
This bridge once carried Church Street over the C&O Canal. The Potomac River is just beyond the trees.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 25, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,796 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 25, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.
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