Harpers Ferry in Jefferson County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
W.E.B. Du Bois, Niagara Movement general secretary and NAACP founding member
On August 17, 1906, members of the Niagara Movement walked silently past where you are standing. One of the first modern civil rights organizations in America, the Niagara Movement fought for racial equality and political representation at all social levels. Its members’ efforts laid the foundation for creating the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909. Niagara participants came here to the site of John Brown’s Fort to honor Brown, who died to end slavery.
Black scholar Dr. Benjamin Quarles described their arrival: “As they neared their destination they formed a procession, single file, led by Owen M. Waller, a physician from Brooklyn. Defying stone and stubble, Waller took off his shoes and socks and walked barefoot as if treading on holy ground.” Other members followed suit and together they walked barefoot to the fort. As they circled the fort they sang verses of John Brown’s Body and The Battle Hymn of the Republic.
Location. 39° 18.483′ N, 77° 45.703′ W. Marker is in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, in Jefferson County. Marker can be reached from Murphy Road, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Located on the Murphy Farm trail in the Harpers Ferry National Historical Park. The Trail can be reached from the park's visitor center, located on Shoreline Drive south of Highway 340. Marker is in this post office area: Harpers Ferry WV 25425, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Pilgrimage (here, next to this marker); A Moving Symbol (here, next to this marker); The Murphy Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); Mountains, Men, and Maneuvers (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Sheridan Dug In (about 800 feet away); The Fate of Harpers Ferry was sealed. (approx. 0.2 miles away); Struggle to the Heights (approx. ¼ mile away); Home Becomes Battlefield (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Harpers Ferry.
More about this marker. The background of the marker is a depiction of the scene described by Dr. Quarles in the text.
Also see . . .
1. The Niagara Movement at Harpers Ferry Centennial Commemoration. (Submitted on June 13, 2008.)
2. W.E.B. DuBois. National Park Service page providing a short biography of DuBois. (Submitted on June 15, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. The Niagra Movement. The Cornerstone of the Modern Civil Rights Era. (Submitted on June 15, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 13, 2008. This page has been viewed 1,315 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 13, 2008. 3. submitted on November 3, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.