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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Franklin in Williamson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Cotton Gin Assault

 
 
The Cotton Gin Assault Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, December 27, 2012
1. The Cotton Gin Assault Marker
Inscription. Into this area rushed elements of four Confederate divisions on November 30, 1864 as they assaulted the Federal lines near the Carter cotton gin. Crossed largely by troops from Maj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne’s Division, the area was flooded by men from Maj. Gen. Samuel French’s Division, and some from Maj. Gen. John Brown’s and Maj. Gen. Edward Walthall’s division. The Southern troops charged forward, crashing into the section of the Federal line between Columbia Pike and the gin held by Brig. Gen. James Reilly’s Brigade. Two pieces of Ohio artillery just to the north, near the cotton gin, inflicted horrific Confederate losses. Yet the assault led by Cleburne’s troops broke the Federal line and vicious hand-to-hand fighting erupted.

[Side 2]
Southern troops from Tennessee, Mississippi, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, and Alabama poured through this area to battle their Federal opponents who hailed from Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois, and even Tennessee. The power of the Southern assault caused the 100th Ohio and some of the 104th Ohio to abandon their positions and four pieces of Kentucky artillery were captured by the Confederates. However, a countercharge led by the 12th Kentucky, 16th Kentucky, 175th Ohio, 8th Tennessee, 44th Illinois, and 74th/88th Illinois retook the artillery and forced the Confederates back. When the Battle of Franklin
The Cotton Gin Assault Marker side 2 image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, December 27, 2012
2. The Cotton Gin Assault Marker side 2
ended perhaps as many as 9,500 men were killed, wounded, missing, or captured.
 
Erected 2006 by City of Franklin Tennessee.
 
Location. 35° 54.924′ N, 86° 52.389′ W. Marker is in Franklin, Tennessee, in Williamson County. Marker is on Cleburne Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Franklin TN 37064, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Carter's Cotton Gin (within shouting distance of this marker); Carter Gin House (within shouting distance of this marker); Main Entrenchment Federal Battle Line (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Carter House (about 600 feet away); Battle Ground Academy (about 600 feet away); Cleburne’s Division (about 700 feet away); Bate's Division (about 700 feet away); Brown's Division (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Franklin.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The Cotton Gin Assault Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, December 27, 2012
3. The Cotton Gin Assault Marker
The Cotton Gin Assault Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, December 27, 2012
4. The Cotton Gin Assault Marker
The Cotton Gin Assault Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, December 27, 2012
5. The Cotton Gin Assault Marker
The Cotton Gin Assault Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, December 27, 2012
6. The Cotton Gin Assault Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 3, 2013, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 463 times since then and 39 times this year. Last updated on May 12, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on January 3, 2013, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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