Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Ottawa in Ottawa County, Ontario — Central Canada
 

Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada

Lieu historique national du Canada du Canal-Rideau

 
 
Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 7, 2014
1. Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada Marker
Inscription. English:
The Rideau Canal, a great military engineering achievement of the 19th century, opened central Canada to settlement and trade. The canal construction also brought thousands of people to the area, helping to shape the community of Bytown, known today as Ottawa, Canada’s Capital.

The entrance locks mark the beginning of a 202-kilometre route linking the Ottawa River and Lake Ontario through a system of lakes and rivers, connected and made navigable by the channels, locks and dams that the workers constructed. Designed for military purposes, and completed in 1832, the canal was never used for defence. Today, it is an artery for recreational boating and a national historic site operated by Parks Canada.

In Command
In command was Lieutenant Colonel John By. It was his mission to drive a waterway through great distances of almost impenetrable rock and swamp. Faced with extremes of climate, escalating costs and rampant disease, By drew on his qualities of leadership, determination and extraordinary technical ingenuity to complete the Rideau Canal in only six short years.

Gruelling Labour
Engineers used explosives to blast a channel through the rocks to the Canadian Sheild, but it was men with picks, shovels, chisels and mallet who did the hard physical work. More
Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 7, 2014
2. Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada Marker
than 2.000 workers were needed to dig the channel, break up the rock and cart away the debris. Hundreds sacrificed themselves to accident, disease and cold to build the great canal.

French:
Le Canal Rideau, une grand réalisation du génie militaire du XIXᵉ siècle, a ouvert le centre du Canada à la colonisation et au commerce. La construction du canal a aussi amène des milliers de personnes à s’installer dans la région, ce qui a contribué à l’établissement de Bytown (aujourd’hui Ottawa) et de la capitale du Canada.

Les écluses d’entrée du canal Rideau marquent le début d’une voie de 202 kilometres reliant la rivière des Outaouais au lac Ontario par un réseau de rivières et de lacs rattachés entre eux et rendus navigables grâce à des chenaux, des écluses et des barrages construits par les travailleurs. Conçu à des fins militaires et achevé en 1832, le canal Rideau n’a jamais servi à la defense. C’est aujourd’hui une voie de navigation de plaisance et un lieu historique national exploité par Pacs Canada qui en est aussi propriétaire.

Aux commandes
Le lieutenant-colonel John By, qui assurait le commandement, avait pour mission d’aménager une voie navigable au milieu de grandes étendues quasi infranchissables de roc et de marécages. Confronté aux rigueurs de climat, à des coûts croissants et à la maladie, il a tout des même
The Rideau Canal image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 7, 2014
3. The Rideau Canal
réussi l’exploit de construire le canal Rideau en seulement six années grâce à ses qualities de chef, à sa détermination et à une extraordinaire ingéniosité technique.

Un travail ardu
Les ingénieurs ont tracé en chenal à travers de roc du Bouclier canadien à l’aide d’explosifs, mais ce sont des hommes, armés de pics, de pelles, de ciseaux et de maillets, qui ont exécute le dur labeur physique. Plus de 2 000 travailleurs on creusé le chenal, brisé la roc et transporté les débris. Des centaines d’entre eux sont morts d’accident, de maladie ou de froid durant les travaux.
 
Erected by The National Capital Commission / La Commission de la capitale nationale.
 
Location. 45° 25.489′ N, 75° 41.713′ W. Marker is in Ottawa, Ontario, in Ottawa County. Marker is on Rideau Street just from Elgin Street when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 Rideau Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1N, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Commissariat (within shouting distance of this marker); Lieutenant Colonel Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry, CB (within shouting distance of this marker); Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant) (within shouting distance of this marker); Sappers’ Bridge (within shouting distance of this marker); The Rideau Canal (within shouting distance of this marker); The Rideau Waterway (within shouting distance of this marker); Nicholas Sparks (about 150 meters away, measured in a direct line); Lotta Hitschmanova, C.C. (about 180 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ottawa.
 
More about this marker. This marker is located at the intersection of Rideau, Wellington and Elgin Streets on the Plaza Bridge overlooking the Rideau Canal.
 
Also see . . .  Rideau Canal - Wikipedia. The canal was opened in 1832 as a precaution in case of war with the United States. It remains in use today primarily for pleasure boating, with most of its original structures intact, operated by Parks Canada. The locks on the system open for navigation in mid-May and close in mid-October. It is the oldest continuously operated canal system in North America, and in 2007 it was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. (Submitted on May 19, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. Waterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 1, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 19, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 220 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 19, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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