Toronto in Toronto County, Ontario — Central Canada
The Battle of York 1813
La Bataille de York de 1813
Loyal residents of York (Toronto) were encouraged by early British victories in the War of 1812, but in 1813, they experienced first-hand the hardships of war. On the morning of April 27th, an American fleet appeared offshore and began to send 1,700 soldiers ashore two kilometres west of here. At first only a small force of Ojibwa warriors was in position to resist the landing. After fierce skirmishing the invaders advanced, overcoming defensive stands by outnumbered British and Canadian troops. As they closed in on the main garrison near here, the retreating British ignited a gunpowder storehouse. It exploded, killing 38 Americans and wounding 222 more. Victorious nonetheless, the Americans occupied York for six days. They looted and set buildings ablaze, including the Parliament Buildings.
Les premières victories britannique pendant le Guerre de 1812 encouragent les habitants loyaux de York (Toronto), mais en 1813 ceux-ci goûtent aux épreuves de la guerre. Le 27 avril, une flotte américaine approche de la côte et 1700 soldats débarquent à deux kilomètres à l’ouest d’ici. At début, seul un groupe de guerriers ojibwés en position résistent au débarquement. Après des échauffourées violentes, les envahisseurs avancent écrasant la résistance des troupes britannique et canadiennes surpassées
Erected by Ontario Heritage Foundation, Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Recreation.
Location. 43° 38.305′ N, 79° 24.3′ W. Marker is in Toronto, Ontario, in Toronto County. Marker is on Fort York Boulevard just from Bathurst Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 250 Fort York Boulevard, Toronto, Ontario M5V 3K9, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. No. 2 (Centre) Blockhouse (about 180 meters away, measured in a direct line); Little Norway (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); The Bishop’s Palace 1818 (approx. 1.9 kilometers away); The Royal York Hotel (approx. 2 kilometers away); South African War Memorial (approx. 2 kilometers away); Canadian Airmen Monument (approx. 2.3 kilometers away); Charles William Jefferys (approx. 2.6 kilometers away); The Macdonald-Mowat House (approx. 2.7 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Toronto.
More about this marker.
Also see . . .
1. War of 1812: Battle of York - Historynet. York was an enticing target for the Americans. Although the town was the capital of Upper Canada (now Ontario) and the province's government buildings were located there, it was only weakly defended. The British were also developing a naval base at York, which was intended to eventually supersede Kingston. (Submitted on May 24, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
2. Battle of York - Wikipedia. Between April 28 and 30, American troops carried out many acts of plunder. Some of them set fire to the buildings of the Legislative Assembly. It was alleged that the American troops had found a scalp there, though folklore had it that the "scalp" was actually the Speaker's wig. The Parliamentary mace of Upper Canada was taken back to Washington and was only returned in 1934 as a goodwill gesture by President Franklin Roosevelt. (Submitted on May 24, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War of 1812 •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 1, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 24, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 312 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on May 24, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.