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Coteau-du-Lac in Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM, Quebec — French Canadian Region
 

A very busy canal

Un canal très fréquenté

 
 
A very busy canal Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 6, 2014
1. A very busy canal Marker
Inscription. English:
Although the Coteau-du-Lac canal was built primarily to accelerate the transport of troops and military supplies to the forts around the Great Lakes, it was also used for commercial purposes.

Traffic through the canal, which was opened to navigation in 1781, did not reach its peak until after the War of 1812, when shipping on the St. Lawrence River was in full swing. Boats heading toward the Great Lakes carried food, spirits, farming implements, hardware, clothing, tools and so forth to the Loyalists living around the upper part of the river. In return, these settlers sent surplus wheat, flour, potash, pork and lumber to Montréal.

In the early 1830’s more than 2 000 «batteaux» and around 1 400 Durham boats passed through the canal at Coteau-du-Lac every year.

Boats had to be Hauled Through the Canal
This illustration shows a Durham boat entering the Coteau-du-Lac canal. As you can see, its mast was lowered. Once the boat was in the canal, men used ropes to haul it through the locks.

A toll was levied on private boats using the canals on the St. Lawrence River.

French:
Construit principalement pour accélérer le transport des troupes et des approvisionnements militaires vers les forts des Grands-Lacs, le canal de Coteau-du-lac servait également
A very busy canal Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 6, 2014
2. A very busy canal Marker
à des fins commerciales.

Ouvert à la navigation dés 1781, ce n’est qu’après la guerre de 1812 qu’il connut son apogée, alors que le trafic fluvial vers l’amont et vers l’aval battait son plein. Les bateaux qui se dirigeaient vers les Grands-Lacs transportaient des vivres, des spiritueux, des instruments aratoires, de la quincaillerie, des vêtements, des outils… destinés au loyalists installés sur le haut Saint-Laurent. En contrepartie, ces derniers exportaient leur surplus de blé, de farine, de potasse, de porc et de bois, vers Montréal.

A début des années 1830, plus de 2000 «batteaux» en environ 1400 bateaux Durham franchissaient annuellement les écluses du canal de Coteau-du-lac.

Pour écluser les bateau, il fallait les haler
La scène ci-contre illustre un bateau Durham pénétrant dans le canal de Coteau-du-lac. L’embarcation était alors démâtée. À l’intérieur de canal, des homes halaient le bateau à l’aide de cordages pour lui faire franchir les écluses.

Des droits de péage étaient imposés aux bateaux privés qui franchissaient les écluses du Saint-Laurent.
 
Erected by Parks Canada / Parcs Canada.
 
Location. 45° 17.267′ N, 74° 10.55′ W. Marker is in Coteau-du-Lac, Quebec, in Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM. Marker can be reached from Chemin du Fleuve just from Rue du Fort, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 307 Chemin du Fleuve, Coteau-du-Lac, Quebec J0P 1B0, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Adapting the canal to new needs (a few steps from this marker); Destination: Great Lakes / Destination: Les Grands Lacs (a few steps from this marker); A canal that must be preserved (a few steps from this marker); The Durham boat (a few steps from this marker); What is a lock canal? (a few steps from this marker); North blockhouse / Le blockhaus nord (within shouting distance of this marker); A dry canal (within shouting distance of this marker); A canal excavated in the rock (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Coteau-du-Lac.
 
More about this marker. This marker is located at Coteau-du-Lac National Historic Site.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar of 1812Waterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 28, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 197 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 28, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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