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Pittsburgh in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Refining Crude Oil

Samuel Kier's Still

 

—Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania —

 
Refining Crude Oil Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, June 1, 2015
1. Refining Crude Oil Marker
Inscription. Near this site in the 1850s Samuel Kier constructed a cast-iron distillation unit for refining crude oil. Kier's one-barrel still produced kerosene, a clean burning lamp fuel. Later, Kier built a five-barrel still and invented a lamp that minimized smoke and odor. Kier's refining process touched off the search for more dependable sources of crude oil, which led to the drilling of the nation's first oil well in Titusville, Pennsylvania. These two technologies-refining and drilling-made western Pennsylvania the undisputed center of the early oil industry.
 
Erected 2009 by American Chemical Society.
 
Location. 40° 26.522′ N, 79° 59.692′ W. Marker is in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in Allegheny County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Seventh Street and Grant Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Pittsburgh PA 15219, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gulf Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Kier Refinery (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Founding Convention of the AFL (about 700 feet away); Mellon Square
Refining Crude Oil Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, June 1, 2015
2. Refining Crude Oil Marker
(about 800 feet away); The Empty Pocket Pays (about 800 feet away); Pennsylvania Canal (approx. 0.2 miles away); Jane Grey Swisshelm Childhood Home (approx. 0.2 miles away); Trinity Church Burying Ground (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pittsburgh.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 1, 2015, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 174 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 1, 2015, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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