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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Ross's Landing

Union Capture of Chattanooga

 
 
Ross's Landing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
1. Ross's Landing Marker
Inscription.
The Union army's efforts to capture the strategic rail center of Chattanooga met with success here at Ross's Landing. Following a series of dramatic marches and feints, elements of General Rosecrans's army appeared on Stringer's Ridge across the river to your left front on August 23, 1863. Union shells whizzed into the city and the Confederate fortifications on the high ground to your left rear and on the bluffs to your right. The shelling, coordinated with shows of force in Hamilton Valley, was intended to convince Confederate commanders that the Federals intended to cross the Tennessee River north of Chattanooga. In fact, however, they intended to cross the Tennessee River south of Chattanooga and then approach from Sand Mountain and Lookout Mountain well behind the Confederates. By September 7, the Confederates had deciphered the plan and evacuated the city. A Southern newspaper asked, "The enemy attacked with his Knight both our Queen, Atlanta, and our Castle, Chattanooga. Did it require a moment to decided what should be the move?"

On September 9, three Union soldiers rowed across the river at Ross's Landing and seized the ferry. According to a soldier in the 57th Indiana Volunteer Infantry, "A horse ferry-boat, left by the enemy, was used in crossing the river, and before night the colors of the 97th Ohio were planted
Ross's Landing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
2. Ross's Landing Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of a Civil War era photograph showing steamboats tied up at Ross's Landing, with Cameron Hill looming in the background.
on a fort near Cameron Hill. The other regiments soon followed and at night our command bivouacked on the green close to the river ... which gave us possession of the long-wished-for stronghold, Chattanooga."
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Location. 35° 3.364′ N, 85° 18.617′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker is on Riverfront Parkway (Tennessee Route 58) east of Chestnut Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. This marker is located in a public park, situated between the "Chattanooga River Market" and the "Tennessee Aquarium," on the crest of a ridge overlooking the Tennessee River, in downtown Chattanooga. Marker is in this post office area: Chattanooga TN 37402, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Trail of Tears (within shouting distance of this marker); 1790 John Ross 1866 (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Chattanooga's First Citizens (about 300 feet away); "Cherokee" (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Ross's Landing (about 400 feet away); Headquarters Row (about
Ross's Landing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
3. Ross's Landing Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of a map made by Union artillerist Henry Campbell showing his battery position, and Confederate fortifications.
700 feet away); Hazen's Raid at Brown's Ferry (approx. 0.2 miles away); Ernest Walter Holmes, Sr. (approx. mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
 
More about this marker. This marker is located in the downtown Chattanooga green space that looks to have been successfully revitalized in order to draw more people into the downtown area. This space is intended for pedestrians and is not easily reached by car. There is a cluster of attractive buildings (the "Tennessee Aquarium," the "Chattanooga River Market," and the "Chattanooga History Center" and this marker is situated in the green space between these buildings.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Ross's Landing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
4. Ross's Landing Marker
View, looking north, of the marker and of the surrounding background area.
Ross's Landing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
5. Ross's Landing Marker
View, looking northwest, of the marker with the Tennessee Aquarium building in the background.
Ross's Landing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
6. Ross's Landing Marker
View, looking northeast, of the marker with the Chattanooga River Market building in the background.
Ross's Landing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
7. Ross's Landing Marker
View, looking south, of the backside of the marker, situated on the crest of the ridge, in the space between the downtown buildings.
Ross's Landing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
8. Ross's Landing Marker
A more distant view, looking south, of the backside of the marker, situated on the crest of the ridge, in the space between the downtown buildings.
Ross's Landing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
9. Ross's Landing Marker
A much more distant view, looking south from across the Tennessee River, of the backside of the marker, situated in the space between the two main downtown buildings seen in the picture.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 10, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 288 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on June 10, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   9. submitted on June 12, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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