Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Camp Contraband

 
 
Camp Contraband Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
1. Camp Contraband Marker
Inscription. Camp Contraband was the name given to an encampment that existed on this site during the Civil War. The camp was a haven for a large number of refugees, most of whom were liberated slaves seeking safety within the Union lines. The former slaves were hired to do most of the manual labor for building the military buildings, military bridge, roads, railways, stockades, stables, etc. in Chattanooga during the war but were not allowed to live on the south side of the river. It was also where the Black troops (and there were many of them) were quartered. These Black soldiers had an excellent combat record. At the start of the war the population was about 2,500 people. By the end of the war there was more than twice that number of African American refugees in the camps.

Many residents of Camp Contraband gradually moved to higher ground away from the river, creating Hill City, one of the city's oldest post Civil War African American neighborhoods.
 
Location. 35° 3.617′ N, 85° 18.617′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker can be reached from River Street west of Tremont Street, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. This historic marker is located along the north side of the river, in Renaissance Park, along
Camp Contraband Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
2. Camp Contraband Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of a Civil War era photograph showing residents of Camp Contraband.
a park walking trail that runs east and west, near the north bank of the Tennessee River. Marker is in this post office area: Chattanooga TN 37405, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. United States Colored Troops (here, next to this marker); Union Block House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Occupied Chattanooga (about 300 feet away); 1838 Cherokee Removal & Trail of Tears (about 300 feet away); 1864 Military Bridge (about 400 feet away); Trail of Tears (approx. mile away); 1790 John Ross 1866 (approx. 0.3 miles away); Chattanooga's First Citizens (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
 
Categories. African AmericansWar, US Civil
 
Camp Contraband Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
3. Camp Contraband Marker
Camp Contraband Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
4. Camp Contraband Marker
View, looking north, of the featured marker, seen to the right of the two markers being viewed.
Camp Contraband Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
5. Camp Contraband Marker
View of the marker, looking west, along a park walkway.
Camp Contraband Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
6. Camp Contraband Marker
View of the marker, looking east, along a park walkway.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 11, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 194 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 25, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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