Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
United States Colored Troops
Initially fearful of allowing black troops in battle, the Union army employed them as laborers, construction workers and guards. U.S.C.T. regiments supervised black women and children crowded into disease-ridden camps outside Tennessee cities. They garrisoned forts and built fortifications in Tennessee, north Alabama and north Georgia, and guarded prisoners of war. The U.S.C.T. guarded railroads from guerrilla raids; this duty in fact, introduced Tennessee black troops to combat.
Nearly 24,000 men of color served in the Union army stationed in Tennessee and suffered almost 4,500 casualties. They persisted against ideas of inferiority professed by Southerners as well as some white Union commanders. Black troops feared mistreatment, or even death, if captured and proved to themselves and their white commanders that they were fighters. Their role in Tennessee during the Civil War should be recognized as indispensable.
Location. 35° 3.614′ N, 85° 18.62′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker can be reached from River Street west of Tremont Street, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. This historic marker is located along the north side of the river, in Renaissance Park, along a park walking trail that runs east and west, near the north bank of the Tennessee River. Marker is in this post office area: Chattanooga TN 37405, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Camp Contraband (here, next to this marker); Union Block House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Occupied Chattanooga (about 300 feet away); 1838 Cherokee Removal & Trail of Tears (about 400 feet away); 1864 Military Bridge (about 400 feet away); Trail of Tears (approx. ¼ mile away); 1790 John Ross 1866 (approx. ¼ mile away); Chattanooga's First Citizens (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
Categories. • African Americans • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 11, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 241 times since then and 36 times this year. Last updated on June 17, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on June 15, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.