Near Hearne in Robertson County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Camp Hearne World War II Prisoner of War Camp
Construction of the camp began in September, 1942, and was completed in six months. It was laid out in three sections, each of which included a mess hall, lavatory, company office and eight barracks. The first of almost 5,000 prisoners of war (POWs) arrived in June 1943. Most of the POWs housed here were non-commissioned officers (NCOs) of the famed German Afrika Korps captured in Tunisia. Because NCOs were not required to work in prison camps according to the Geneva Convention, they spent most of their time in recreational and educational activities while the bulk of the work in the camp fell to enlisted men who comprised about twenty percent of the prison population.
In 1944, Camp Hearne became the central mail distribution point for all German POWs in the U.S., but poor supervision allowed a small group of Nazi sympathizers to infiltrate the system
A few hundred Japanese prisoners were brought here in the summer of 1945 shortly before the end of the war. All POWs were gone and the camp closed by January 1946.
Erected 2003 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 14755.)
Location. 30° 53.143′ N, 96° 37.186′ W. Marker is near Hearne, Texas, in Robertson County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Farm to Market Road 485 and Fairground Road, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Drive west on FM 485 out of Hearne. Turn left at the "POW Camp" sign and the right on first road. Marker is on left in front of brick building. Marker is at or near this postal address: 12299 Fairground Road, Hearne TX 77859, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 1 other marker is within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Port Sullivan (approx. 4.9 miles away).
Regarding Camp Hearne World War II Prisoner of War Camp. The Camp Hearne Museum is in the reconstructed barracks building across the road from the marker.
Also see . . . German Prisoners of War article in Handbook of Texas (Submitted on June 24, 2015, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas.)
Categories. • Man-Made Features • War, World II •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 24, 2015, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas. This page has been viewed 461 times since then and 162 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 24, 2015, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.