River Vale in Bergen County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Third Continental Light Dragoons
Although costly to maintain, the Light Dragoons performed a valuable service. They provided a way for Washington to attract young gentlemen of good families into the military. By commissioning young aristocrats as dragoons, Washington could honor the family connections of his fellow gentlemen officers, repay favors, and settle the young soldiers where they had the best chance of claiming the highest honors.
Washington appointed George Baylor colonel and commanding officer of the 3rd regiment of horse, “Baylor’s Dragoons.” Baylor immediately went to work. He appointed officers (although Washington reserved the right to veto his choices), purchased horses (for an average price of $120), designed the regiment’s uniforms, and arranged for the soldiers he recruited to be inoculated against smallpox.
The regiments consisted of six troops of 32 privates each, plus officers. Each regiment had a quartermaster (in charge of supplies), a paymaster, a surgeon and surgeon’s mate, a chaplain, a saddler, a riding master, and a trumpet major. In addition, each troop of the regiments had its own quartermaster sergeant, an orderly or drill sergeant, a trumpeter, a farrier
Your letter of the 1st from Baltimore came to my hands this day; Your desires of commanding a Regiment of Horse I cheerfully yield to, because it is the recommendation of Congress, your wish is my desire.”
George Washington to George Baylor,
January 9, 1777
“Gentlemen of property and spirit in the States…are invited to serve, at their own expense, in Troop or Troops of light cavalry.”
Resolution of Congress, March 2, 1778
Erected by Bergen County.
Location. 41° 0.787′ N, 74° 0.511′ W. Marker is in River Vale, New Jersey, in Bergen County. Marker is at the intersection of Red Oak Drive and Rivervale Road, on the right when traveling east on Red Oak Drive. Touch for map. Marker is in Baylor Massacre Park. Marker is in this post office area: Westwood NJ 07675, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Night of “Savage Cruelty” (here, next to this marker); “The Baylor Massacre” (here, The British General (here, next to this marker); The Price of Freedom: A Patriot’s Grave (here, next to this marker); Propaganda: The Mighty Pen (here, next to this marker); 200 Years Later (here, next to this marker); Baylor Massacre Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Gravesite (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in River Vale.
More about this marker. The right of the marker contains a copy of a letter from George Washington to George Baylor, January 9, 1772 courtesy of Baylor University Collection.
The left of the marker features a picture of a Private of Baylor’s Dragoons supplied by the Bergen County Department of Parks, Division of Cultural and Historic Affairs. It has a caption of “The uniforms of the dragoons are not well documented, and probably were not standardized until later in the war.”
The marker also contains a picture of a soldier on horseback with the caption “Regulation dress and equipment for Continental Light Dragoons. Bergen County Department
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. This series of markers tell the story of the Baylor Massacre of September 28, 1778.
Also see . . . OVERKILL: Revolutionary War Reminiscences of River Vale. Bergen County Historical Society. (Submitted on June 21, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • Military • Notable Events • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 21, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 2,700 times since then and 54 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 21, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.