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River Vale in Bergen County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Third Continental Light Dragoons

 
 
The Third Continental Light Dragoons Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, May 23, 2008
1. The Third Continental Light Dragoons Marker
Inscription. Washington’s army marched mostly on its feet. But the General also formed four “regiments of horse,” the Continental Light Dragoons.

Although costly to maintain, the Light Dragoons performed a valuable service. They provided a way for Washington to attract young gentlemen of good families into the military. By commissioning young aristocrats as dragoons, Washington could honor the family connections of his fellow gentlemen officers, repay favors, and settle the young soldiers where they had the best chance of claiming the highest honors.

Washington appointed George Baylor colonel and commanding officer of the 3rd regiment of horse, “Baylor’s Dragoons.” Baylor immediately went to work. He appointed officers (although Washington reserved the right to veto his choices), purchased horses (for an average price of $120), designed the regiment’s uniforms, and arranged for the soldiers he recruited to be inoculated against smallpox.

The regiments consisted of six troops of 32 privates each, plus officers. Each regiment had a quartermaster (in charge of supplies), a paymaster, a surgeon and surgeon’s mate, a chaplain, a saddler, a riding master, and a trumpet major. In addition, each troop of the regiments had its own quartermaster sergeant, an orderly or drill sergeant, a trumpeter, a farrier
Markers in Baylor Massacre Park image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, May 23, 2008
2. Markers in Baylor Massacre Park
(to shoe the horses), and an armorer. All together, each regiment totaled up to 280 men, nearly all of them hand-picked by Washington and other gentleman officers like Baylor.

“Dear Baylor:
Your letter of the 1st from Baltimore came to my hands this day; Your desires of commanding a Regiment of Horse I cheerfully yield to, because it is the recommendation of Congress, your wish is my desire.”
George Washington to George Baylor,
January 9, 1777


“Gentlemen of property and spirit in the States…are invited to serve, at their own expense, in Troop or Troops of light cavalry.”
Resolution of Congress, March 2, 1778

 
Erected by Bergen County.
 
Location. 41° 0.787′ N, 74° 0.511′ W. Marker is in River Vale, New Jersey, in Bergen County. Marker is at the intersection of Red Oak Drive and Rivervale Road, on the right when traveling east on Red Oak Drive. Touch for map. Marker is in Baylor Massacre Park. Marker is in this post office area: Westwood NJ 07675, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Night of “Savage Cruelty” ( here, next to this marker); “The Baylor Massacre” ( here,
Baylor Massacre Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, May 23, 2008
3. Baylor Massacre Markers
Several wayside markers are located in this park. The Third Continental Light Dragoons marker is the second from the left in the photo. The Baylor Dragoons Memorial Committee Monument can be seen in front of the other markers.
next to this marker); The British General ( here, next to this marker); The Price of Freedom: A Patriot’s Grave ( here, next to this marker); Propaganda: The Mighty Pen ( here, next to this marker); 200 Years Later ( here, next to this marker); Baylor Massacre Park ( within shouting distance of this marker); Gravesite ( within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in River Vale.
 
More about this marker. The right of the marker contains a copy of a letter from George Washington to George Baylor, January 9, 1772 courtesy of Baylor University Collection.

The left of the marker features a picture of a Private of Baylor’s Dragoons supplied by the Bergen County Department of Parks, Division of Cultural and Historic Affairs. It has a caption of “The uniforms of the dragoons are not well documented, and probably were not standardized until later in the war.”

The marker also contains a picture of a soldier on horseback with the caption “Regulation dress and equipment for Continental Light Dragoons. Bergen County
Baylor Dragoons Memorial Committee Monument image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, May 23, 2008
4. Baylor Dragoons Memorial Committee Monument
200 Years Later we remember
September 28, 1978
Department of Parks, Division of Cultural and Historic Affairs.”
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. This series of markers tell the story of the Baylor Massacre of September 28, 1778.
 
Also see . . .  OVERKILL: Revolutionary War Reminiscences of River Vale. Bergen County Historical Society. (Submitted on June 21, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. MilitaryNotable EventsWar, US Revolutionary
 
Soldiers Graves image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, May 23, 2008
5. Soldiers Graves
Six of the dragoons killed at the Baylor Massacre are buried at this site, located a short distance from the marker.
Baylor Massacre Burial Site image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, May 23, 2008
6. Baylor Massacre Burial Site
The marker is located in this Bergen County Historical Site on Red Oak Drive, in River Vale, NJ.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 21, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 2,696 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 21, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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