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Istanbul in Fatih district, Istanbul Province, Turkey
 

The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theodosius

Theodosius Zafer Takı Kalıntıları

 
 
The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theedosius Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 13, 2015
1. The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theedosius Marker
Inscription. English:
The marble pieces that are located here belong to the Triumphal Arch and the Forum built by and named after the last emperor of the Roman Empire; Theodosius the Great (4th Cent. A.D.). The Triumphal Arch was situated on the corner of the Theodosius Forum (today's Beyazit Square). This area used to be called "Forum Tauri" (The Bull Square) but in the 4th century A.D. the name was changed into the "Forum of Theodosius". During this period. the forum was surrounded by marble public and civil buildings decorated with porticoes.

The marble archeological pieces that can be seen today were found between the years 1948 and 1961 during the rearrangements of the Beyazit Square and the Ordu Street. After the discovery of these pieces, an experimental restitution was made in spite of the absence of some pieces and finally the probable form of the monument was established. According to this restitution; the Triumphal Arch had a vaulted roof with three passageways, the central one higher and the ones at either sides lower. It was conceived to be similar to the ones in Rome, the capital of the Roman Empire. In the middle was the statue of Theodosius, while on both sides were statues of his sons, Arcadius and Honarius.

Today, the main street that starts from the Hagia Sophia Square is basically in the same
The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theedosius Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 13, 2015
2. The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theedosius Marker
direction to the west with the ancient Mese road which formed the main artery of the old city. The Mese, passing through the Theodosius Triumphal Arch of which we see the remainings, continued on to Thrace and reached out the Balkan Peninsula. The Triumphal Arch and the surrounding ancient buildings, to which some ruins possibly belong, were destroyed as a result of invasions and natural disasters like earthquakes from the 5th century on. Thus their destruction was completed long before the conquest of Istanbul by the Turks.

Turkish:
Buada bulunan mermer kalıntılar. Roma İmparatorluğunun son hükümdarı Theodosius (İS. 4. yy) tarafından inşa ettirilen meydana ve aynı adı taşıyan zafer takına aittir. Bu zafer taki Theodosius forumunun (bugünkü Beyazıt Meydanı) güneybatı köşesinde yer alır. Bu alan önceden forum tauri ismini taşımakta iken. İS 4. yüzyılda Theodosius forumu olarak adı deǧiştirilmiştir. Zamanında bu meydan, revaklarla süslü. Mermer sivil ve kamusal binalarla çevrili idi.

Günümüzde görülen mermer arkeolojik parçalar. 1948-1961 yilları arasında Beyazit Meydanı ve Ordu caddesi düzenlenirken bulunmuştur. Zamanında, kalıntıların restitüsyon çizimi deneme olarak yapılmış
The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theedosius image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 13, 2015
3. The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theedosius
ve bazı parçalar eksik olmasina raǧmen muhtemel şekli ortaya çıkarılmıştır. Buna göre. zafer taki ortada yüksek, her iki yanda kısa olmak üzere üç giriş olan kemerli bir çatıya sahipti. Roma İmparatorluǧu başkenti Roma'daki cadde taklarının bir benzeri olarak düşünülmüştü. Ortada imparator Theodosius'un yanlarda ise oǧulları Arcadius ve Honorius'un heykelleri bulunmakta idi.

Bugün halen kullanılmakta olan, Ayasofya meydanı'ndan başlayan ana cadde, eski kentin omurgası niteliǧindeki antik Mese yolu olup, aşağı yukarı ayni yönde batıya doǧru gitmekte idi. Mese, burada kalıntıları görülen Theodosius zafer takı'ndan geçerek trakyada devam etmekte ve balkan yarımadasına uzanmaktaydı. Zafer taki ile çevresindeki antik yapılara ait olması muhtemel yıkıntı parçalar; kentin yaşadıǧı istilalar ve 5. Yüzyıldan itibaren oluşan şiddetli depremler gibi doǧal afetler nedeniyle, Türklerin İstanbul'u fethinden çok önce harbe haline gelmişti.
 
Location. 41° 0.565′ N, 28° 57.733′ E. Marker is in Istanbul, Istanbul Province, in Fatih district. Marker is on OO just from Darphane Sokak, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Ordu Caddesi No:27, Istanbul, Istanbul Province 34130, Turkey.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Şimkeşhane (within shouting distance of this marker); March 16th Martyrs (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Suleymaniye Mosque and Social Complex (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Şehzade Mosque and Complex (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Mimar Sinan (approx. 0.9 kilometers away); Rustem Pasha Mosque (approx. 1.1 kilometers away); St. Euphemia's Martyrion (approx. 1.1 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Istanbul.
 
Categories. Arts, Letters, MusicMan-Made Features
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 3, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 193 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 3, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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