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Raymond in Hinds County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Battle of Raymond as a Pivotal Point in the Vicksburg Campaign

 
 
The Battle of Raymond as a Pivotal Point in the Vicksburg Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 5, 2015
1. The Battle of Raymond as a Pivotal Point in the Vicksburg Campaign Marker
Inscription.

     “Move your command tonight to the next cross-roads if there is water, and tomorrow with all activity into Raymond.”
     Maj. Gen. Grant to Maj. Gen. McPherson, USA, May 9, 1863

     “Move your brigade promptly to Raymond, taking three days’ rations, and carrying only cooking utensils and ammunition; no baggage … Use Wirt Adams’ cavalry at Raymond for advance pickets.”
     Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, May 10, 1863


General Grant successfully transferred his army onto the east side of the Mississippi River and was marching northeast from Port Gibson to attack Vicksburg from the east. His 48,000 men were spread out along several roads headed for a stretch of the Southern Railroad of Mississippi between Edwards and Clinton. Grant’s objective was simple: destroy the railroad—Vicksburg’s lifeline—and then turn on Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton and Vicksburg.

The far right, or eastern flank of Grant’s army was Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson’s XVII Corps. At 3:30 in the morning of May 12, 1863, these 12,000 soldiers set out on their nine-mile march from Roach’s plantation to Raymond, where they hoped to find drinking water and a Confederate commissary.

Meanwhile, Confederate Brig. Gen. John Gregg arrived in Raymond on May 11 after an arduous
Walking Trail Exhibit Kiosk image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 5, 2015
2. Walking Trail Exhibit Kiosk
Exhibit includes markers for the Walking Trail, the Battle of Raymond, the Vicksburg Campaign, and the Little J Railroad
eight-day, two-hundred-mile journey and, without accurate information, assumed that the Federal column coming up the Utica Road toward Raymond was only a brigade with perhaps 1,600 men. He positioned his troops south of Raymond to intercept and capture this isolated wing of Grant’s army.

The boldness of John Gregg’s actions at Raymond on May 12, 1863, convinced Grant that the Confederate forces in the Jackson vicinity had grown too large to be ignored. Thinking he was now caught between two Confederate armies, Grant audaciously split his forces, he protected the rear of his army with one corps and with the other two attacked Jackson, dispersing one Confederate army and destroying the two railroads that intersected there.
 
Location. 32° 14.669′ N, 90° 26.612′ W. Marker is in Raymond, Mississippi, in Hinds County. Marker can be reached from Port Gibson Street 0.1 miles north of Mississippi Highway 18, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located at the Raymond Military Park on an exhibit kiosk at the beginning of the walking trail; the above directions are to the parking area for the park. Marker is in this post office area: Raymond MS 39154, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battle of Raymond - This Walking Trail (here, next to this marker);
Battle of Raymond Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 5, 2015
3. Battle of Raymond Battlefield
View to southwest towards Fourteenmile Creek
and west section of battlefield
The Little J Railroad (here, next to this marker); The Vicksburg Campaign (here, next to this marker); C.S. Gregg's Task Force (within shouting distance of this marker); The Campaign Turns East (within shouting distance of this marker); Gregg's Battle Plan (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); To Clinton and Jackson (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named C.S. Gregg's Task Force (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Raymond.
 
Also see . . .  Friends of Raymond. Official website of the Friends of Raymond with detailed information on the Battle of Raymond and the preservation of the battlefield. (Submitted on July 4, 2015.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Parking Area for Raymond Military Park image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 5, 2015
4. Parking Area for Raymond Military Park
Marker and exhibit kiosk on right side next to walking trail
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 4, 2015, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 206 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 4, 2015, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.
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