Near Eceabat in Eceabat district, Çanakkale Province, Turkey
57th Infantry Regiment
57. Piyade Alayı Tarihçesi
The 57th Infantry Regiment was formed during the Balkan War in 1912. On 1 February 1915, it was reconstituted under the command of the 19th Infantry Division as part of the Turkish Fifth Army.
The regiment showed outstanding valour under the leadership of Colonel Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) during the Allied landings at Ari Burnu on 25 April 1915, when the regiment played a significant role in preventing the advance of ANZAC forces inland on that day.
The 57th Infantry Regiment also took part in major attacks on 27 April, 1 May and 19 May 1915 and fought with distinction despite suffering very high casualties.
After the new Allied landings in the Anafartalar (Suvla) area on 6/7 August 1915, the regiment was involved in battles at Pine Ridge, Chunuk Bair and Anafartalar (Suvla).
From September to December 1915, the 57th Regiment continued on duty at front line trenches on the Gallipoli Peninsula. The regiment left Gallipoli on 19 January 1916.
In a ceremony on 25 April 1916, the regiment was given an award of distinction by the Sultan for its outstanding service. The ceremony was accompanied by a march-past flying the regimental banner.
In the cemetery of the 57th Infantry Regiment, which was stationed at the Gallipoli front from the day of the
Balkan Savaşı'nda 19. Piyade Tümeni'nin kuruluşundan çıkartılmış olan 57. Piyade Alayı, 01 Şubat 1915'te Tekirdağ Yarçeşme'de, 5. Ordu'ya bağlı, 3. Kolordu'nun, 19. Piyade Tümeni'nin emri altında yeniden teşkil edildi. Alay Komutanı, Binbaşı Hüseyin Avni Bey idi.
Kuzey Grubu Komutanlığı (Arıburnu) bölgesinde 57. Alay Yarbay Mustafa Kemal Bey'in emrindeki çarpışmalarda görev aldı ve çok fazla zayiat vermesine rağmen bu çarpışmalarda büyük yararlılıklar gösterdi.
İtilaf Devletleri'nin Anafartalar bölgesine asker çıkarma girişimiyle birlikte tekrar yoğun bir çarpışma devresine giren 57. Piyade Alayı, bu dönemde Kanlısırt, Conkbayırı ve Anafartalar muharebelerine katıldı ve bu muharebelerde yer alan birliklerindeki askerlerden büyük bir oranı savaş dışı kaldı.
12 Mayıs 1915'te Yarbaylığa terfi eden Alay Komutanı Yarbay Hüseyin Avni Bey, 13 Ağustos 1915'te alay karargâhının yakınlarına düşen
11 Ocak 1916'da 15. Kolordu'nun teşkil edilmesiyle 19 Ocak 1916'da Çanakkale'den ayrılan 57. Piyade Alayı, 25 Nisan 1916'da, Çelebi Köyü'nün kuzey doğusunda toplanarak, padişah tarafından verilen nişanlar merasimle alay sancağına takıldı ve resmi geçit töreni yapıldı.
Çanakkale Savaşı'nın ilk gününden son gününe kadar cephede görev yapan 57. Piyade Alayı anısına yapılan bu şehitlikte, 57. Piyade Alayı'na mensup, değişik rütbelerde 25'i subay olmak üzere, 1.817 şehit askerin isimleri yer almaktadır.
Location. 40° 14.411′ N, 26° 17.55′ E. Marker is near Eceabat, Çanakkale Province, in Eceabat district. Marker is on Edirne Çanakkale Yolu (Route E87/D55), on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Eceabat, Çanakkale Province 17900, Turkey.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Nek - Sergeant Mehmet's Memorial (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The Nek (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The Nek Cemetery (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Anzac Commemorative Site (approx. one kilometer The Gallipoli Campaign of 1915 (approx. 1.2 kilometers away); Lone Pine Cemetery (approx. 1.2 kilometers away); North Beach & Sphinx (approx. 1.2 kilometers away); Ariburnu (approx. 1.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Eceabat.
More about this marker. The 57th Regiment memorial and cemetery is located 0n the Çanakkale Savaşı (Battle of Çanakkale, Battle of Gallipoli) memorial park grounds. Internal park roads are not named, at least on the park map or Google maps. Most road inside the park are one-way and signs point the way to the various cemeteries and sights.
Categories. • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • War, World I •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 6, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 288 times since then and 59 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on July 6, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.