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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Knosos in Heraklion, Crete, Greece
 

The “Hall of the Double Axes” and the “Queen's Megaron”

 
 
The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
1. The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" Marker
Inscription. English Text:

Archaeological information concerning political organization during the Minoan period is very limited. Nevertheless, the mythological tradition concerning King Minos and Evan's notions concerning the institution of kingship have influenced interpretations of the Palace and its spaces. The "Royal Apartments" have been located in this region.

The "Hall of the Double Axes"

The "Hall of the Double Axes" (Figure 1) was so named by Evans due to the double-axe signs engraved on the walls of the lightwell at its rear. He also thought that it was the place of residence of the king of Knossos.

The central area has openings on three sides and its therefore called a "polythyron" (system with multiple doorways). It has a slab floor and its walls were embellished with gypsum slabs and frescoes. The area between the "polythyron" and the lightwell was used as a reception hall. Traces of a wooden construction were found here. Evans reconstructed a wooden throne at this spot.

According to the archaeological finds, the arrangement of the apartments on the upper floor was comparable with those on the ground floor.

The "Queen's Megaron"

Near the "Hall of the Double Axes" is a smaller hall, comparably
The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
2. The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing where the park visitor was in relation to the ruins of the archaeological park, while standing in front of the marker.
arranged and richly decorated (Figure 2). Evans thought that it must have belonged to the Queen. Fragments of frescoes with dolphins and dancing ladies were found. The room is largely restored and copies of the wall paintings have been put up on the walls (Figure 3). At the end of the room, a low partition wall with one column created a small space. It was thought that it was the "Queen's Bathroom" since pieces of a clay "bath" were found there.

A corridor joins the "Queen's Megaron" with rooms that have been interpreted as places of preparation and washing.
 
Location. 35° 17.859′ N, 25° 9.818′ E. Marker is in Knosos, Crete, in Heraklion. Marker can be reached from Dedalou south of Glafkou, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. This marker is located on the island of Crete, just south of the capital city of Heraklion, in the Palace of Knossos archaeological park, and you must be walking on the grounds of the archaeological park in oder to see this marker. Marker is in this post office area: Knosos, Crete 714 09, Greece.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. "Shrine of the Double Axes" (within shouting distance of this marker); Water and Drainage Conduits (within shouting distance of this marker); The “Magazines of the Giant Pithoi”, and the “East Bastion”
The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
3. The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron"
View of visitors filing through the reconstructed ruins to see the "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron."
(within shouting distance of this marker); South Entrance, Corridor with the "Prince of the Lilies" Fresco (within shouting distance of this marker); West Wing (within shouting distance of this marker); "Throne Room" (within shouting distance of this marker); "Piano Nobile" (within shouting distance of this marker); West Magazines (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Knosos.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Categories. Notable Places
 
The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
4. The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron"
View of visitors lining up to see the "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron," which are part of the structure seen in the left/center of the picture.
The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
5. The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, that is identified on the marker as being figure 1, showing an overhead view of the "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron," at the time of the Evan's excavation.
The "Hall of the Double Axes" image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
6. The "Hall of the Double Axes"
View of a visitor taking a picture of a double-axe sign engraved on the wall of the ruins.
The "Hall of the Double Axes" image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
7. The "Hall of the Double Axes"
Close-up view of a double-axe sign engraved on the wall of a ruin (someone has poured water on the wall to make the engraving show up better for pictures).
The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
8. The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, that is identified on the marker as being figure 2, showing the "Queen's Megaron" at the time of the Evan's excavations.
The "Queen's Megaron" image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
9. The "Queen's Megaron"
View of the of the same area of Figure 2 (Queen's Megaron), but from the different angle that visitors to the site are limited to.
The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
10. The "Hall of the Double Axes" and the "Queen's Megaron" Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, that is identified on the marker as being figure 2, showing the restored fresco with dolphins found in the "Queen's Megaron," at the time of the Evan's excavations.
The "Queen's Megaron" image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
11. The "Queen's Megaron"
View of a room in the "Queen's Megaron," featuring a number of reconstructed wall paintings and frescoes.
The "Queen's Megaron" image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
12. The "Queen's Megaron"
View of the reconstructed fresco of the dolphins, found in the "Queen's Megaron."
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 15, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 233 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. submitted on July 15, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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