Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Knosos in Heraklion, Crete, Greece
 

Conservation - restoration of the "West Magazines"

 
 
Conservation - restoration of the <i>"West Magazines"</i> Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
1. Conservation - restoration of the "West Magazines" Marker
Inscription. The complex of the "West Magazine", an impressive row of eighteen long, narrow spaces (numbered in Latin numerals from one to eighteen), forms the main storage area of the Palace of Knossos.

The construction-restoration work, undertaken between 2006 and 2009 in the context of the "Palace and Archaeological Site of Knossos" project, focussed on the southern, unroofed "Magazines III-VII". It was essential to conserve and restore not only the masonry but also the floors and the pithoi preserved in situ in this area.

The restoration work on the masonry comprises the following stages: removal of the old restoration material and strong cement from various intervention phases, cleaning of the joints, and repointing with new mortar compatible with the ancient materials (figures 1,2, 3). The stones used to cap the sockets of the vertical beams during the course of earlier interventions were also removed (figure 3). This provided important information on the position and diameter of the vertical and transverse beams (figures 4,5), the position of the lengthwise beam supporting the walls, etc.

The gypsum and limestone conservation work was undertaken in collaboration with the Stone Conservation Centre and included the following stages: removal of the mortar of earlier interventions from around
Conservation - restoration of the <i>"West Magazines"</i> Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
2. Conservation - restoration of the "West Magazines" Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of photographs, that are identified on the marker as being figures 1- 9, showing the restoration work that was done on the "West Magazines."
the stones; mechanical and chemical cleaning of the surface and cracks; consolidation and repair of fragments; mortar injection and sealing of interior and exterior cracks using the corresponding mortars (figures 6,7). Finally, large detached fragments of masonry were attached using titanium rods.

The conservation of the ancient clay and lime plaster involved the consolidation and repair of crumbling and detached sections; removal of earlier interventions; binding of the ancient plaster all around the edge; mortar injections to fill the gaps; and mechanical and chemical cleaning of the surface (figures 8, 9).

Pithoi from "Magazines III-VII" were also conserved; three of these were replaced in their original positions, while it was also necessary to construct a temporary protective roof for them.

The new work, in the context of the National Strategic Reference Framework, concerns the extension of corresponding interventions to "Magazines XIII-XVIII". These are the northernmost, unroofed magazines, located after the end of "Magazines VIII-XII", which are roofed with reinforced concrete.
 
Location. 35° 17.88′ N, 25° 9.768′ E. Marker is in Knosos, Crete, in Heraklion. Marker can be reached from Dedalou south of Glafkou, on the left when traveling
Conservation - restoration of the <i>"West Magazines"</i> Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
3. Conservation - restoration of the "West Magazines" Marker
View of the marker showing its location in the archaeological park and its location to the temporary roof (seen in lower right corner of picture) that covers Magazines III-VII.
south. Touch for map. This marker is located on the island of Crete, just south of the capital city of Heraklion, in the Palace of Knossos archaeological park, and you must be walking on the grounds of the archaeological park in oder to see this marker. Marker is in this post office area: Knosos, Crete 714 09, Greece.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. West Magazines (a few steps from this marker); "Piano Nobile" (a few steps from this marker); "Throne Room" (within shouting distance of this marker); West Wing (within shouting distance of this marker); South Entrance, Corridor with the "Prince of the Lilies" Fresco (within shouting distance of this marker); "North Lustral Basin" (within shouting distance of this marker); "Kouloures" (within shouting distance of this marker); "Theatral Area", "Royal Road" (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Knosos.
 
Categories. Notable Places
 
Conservation - restoration of the <i>"West Magazines"</i> image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
4. Conservation - restoration of the "West Magazines"
View of the temporary roof that covers Magazines III-VII (as discussed in the text of the marker).
Conservation - restoration of the <i>"West Magazines"</i> Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
5. Conservation - restoration of the "West Magazines" Marker
View of one of the covered "West Magazines" with one of the restored pithoi inside (as discussed in the text).
Conservation - restoration of the <i>"West Magazines"</i> Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
6. Conservation - restoration of the "West Magazines" Marker
Another view of the marker showing its location in the archaeological park and its location to the temporary roof (seen in lower right corner of picture) that covers Magazines III-VII.
Conservation - restoration of the <i>"West Magazines"</i> image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 21, 2015
7. Conservation - restoration of the "West Magazines"
View of some of the yet to be covered magazines at the archaeological park.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 16, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 208 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on July 16, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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