“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Charlottesville, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Charlottesville Woolen Mills

Charlottesville Woolen Mills Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 8, 2009
1. Charlottesville Woolen Mills Marker
Inscription. As early as 1795, several types of mills operated here. In 1847, Farish, Jones, and Co., opened a cotton and woolen factory. John A. Marchant gained control of it by 1852 and renamed it the Charlottesville Manufacturing Company. His son, Henry Clay Marchant bought it in 1864. Although the Union army burned the factory in 1865, Marchant reopened it in 1867 as the Charlottesville Woolen Mills, which became Albemarle’s largest industry. A community grew up around the mill and Marchant built worker houses and a chapel. By the 1880s the mill specialized in making cloth uniforms; it remained in operation until 1964.
Erected 2000 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number Q-24.)
Location. 38° 1.317′ N, 78° 27.396′ W. Marker is in Charlottesville, Virginia. Marker is on East Market Street just west of Riverside Avenue, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Charlottesville VA 22902, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. North Terrace Wing (approx. 0.8 miles away); Barrier (approx. 0.8 miles away); Ice House (approx. 0.8 miles away); The Farm
Woolen Mill Chapel (Riverside Baptist Church) and Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 8, 2009
2. Woolen Mill Chapel (Riverside Baptist Church) and Marker
(approx. 0.8 miles away); Slave Housing (approx. 0.9 miles away); Horses & Mules (approx. 0.9 miles away); Mulberry Row (approx. 0.9 miles away); Textiles (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Charlottesville.
Also see . . .
1. Charlottesville Woolen Mills Chronology. Compiled by O. Allan Gianniny, Jr. “1887- Employees approached Marchant for money to help build a chapel. The mill gave $150 and bought a plot of land. Construction started in July, and by Christmas a Gothic style church, 20 feet by 40 feet had been erected. A Christmas program was held in the new building.” (Submitted on April 16, 2009.) 

2. The Charlottesville Woolen Mills: Working Life, Wartime, and the Walkout of 1918. by Andrew H. Myers. “On this morning, the company experienced its first labor disturbance since opening in 1867. Eighteen workers walked out of the plant after the general manager refused to compensate them for wages lost during a shutdown. This number comprised a relatively small percentage of the 130 or so employees, but the loss of skilled, experienced, hands struck a serious blow to
Charlottesville Woolen Mills image. Click for full size.
By Paul Crumlish, August 15, 2009
3. Charlottesville Woolen Mills
The remaining buildings of the Charlottesville Woolen Mills complex. Used today by Security Storage & Van Lines.
management. Moreover, given the closely-interwoven nature of the Woolen Mills community, the unrest had great potential to spread. News of the incident made the front page of the local Daily Progress. So, too, did an advertisement for replacements.” (Submitted on April 16, 2009.) 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 16, 2009, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,382 times since then and 61 times this year. Last updated on July 26, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 16, 2009, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.   3. submitted on August 15, 2009, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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