Beallsville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
African American Soldiers from Montgomery County
Black men — both free and enslaved — were called upon to fight in the Civil War which ultimately led to the dismantlement of slavery, that ‘peculiar institution.’
As the Civil War dragged on, the state newspapers exaggerated that the percentage of able bodied men in Maryland produced conscriptions (or drafts) where “the proportion of colored persons drawn in [sic] largely excess of whites.” Of the 1,913 local men who faced draft in 1863, only 329 were African American. Just like their free black counterparts, enslaved men were given name recognition in the published draft lists.
Some enslaved men did not wait to be drafted and dictated their own fate. Court records reveal that a few were manumitted or freed by their owners to enlist in the U.S. Army. Freedom papers identified enslaved men such as Robert Oliver Scott of Brookeville as being released from bondage with “freedom to commence” military duty. Scott ultimately joined the 30th Regiment of the U.S. Colored Troops, where he saw combat in Virginia and North Carolina. While serving in the South, black soldiers
“I remember when the Yankee and Confederate soldiers both came to Poolesville. Capn Sam White he join the Confederate in Virginia. He come home and say he goin' to take me along back with him for to serve him. But the Yankees came and he left very sudden and leave me behind I was glad I didn't have to go with him.” Reverend Phillip Johnson, formerly enslaved in Poolesville.
On July 17, 1862, Congress passed the Second Confiscation and Militia Act, which allowed the use of African Americans in federal service. They could not serve in combat, however, until the Emancipation Proclamation as issued on January 1, 1863.
Location. 39° 11.429′ N, 77° 25.114′ W. Marker is in Beallsville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker can be reached from Darnestown Road (Maryland Route 28) one mile north of Beallsville Road (Route 109), on the right when traveling north. Marker is located in the Woodstock Equestrian Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 20207 Darnestown Road, Beallsville MD 20839, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Equestrian Heritage (about Brewer Farmstead (about 600 feet away); Washington's Farm (approx. ¾ mile away); In Loving Memory (approx. ¾ mile away); Beallsville (approx. 0.8 miles away); Seneca Stone Barn (approx. 1.4 miles away); Linden Farm (approx. 1.7 miles away); Historic Site (approx. 2.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Beallsville.
Categories. • African Americans • War, US Civil •
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Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 8, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 391 times since then and 45 times this year. Last updated on August 9, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on August 8, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.