Allatoona in Bartow County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Battle of Allatoona Pass
Allatoona Pass is the site of a significant and bloody Civil War battle that took place after the fall of Atlanta in September 1864. With no city to defend, the Confederate Army retreated from Atlanta and began a new tactic of attacking Federal supply lines to the north. On October 4, Confederate Major General Samuel G. French's division of 3,276 men was ordered to march north from Big Shanty and attack the Federal Garrison of 976 troops defending the railroad cut at Allatoona. After an all-night march, French's troops surrounded this area and attacked on the morning of October 5 with plans to overrun the Federals, fill the railroad cut with debris, and cut off supplies to the Union Army in Atlanta. Unknown to French, Federal reinforcements arrived only hours before the battle on a train from Rome. It held General John Corse and 2,025 additional soldiers, many of whom were armed with Henry Repeating rifles. The new rifles gave the Federals a decisive advantage in firepower.
After hours of fierce fighting and the near-capture of the Federal positions, French withdrew his troops following warnings that his division might be cut off from the main Confederate army. In a matter of hours, 1,603 men from both sides had been killed, wounded, or were missing. With a 35% Union casualty rate and 27% for the Confederate, Allatoona
The first Henry rifles reached the hands of Union soldiers by mid-1862. The revolutionary design and rapid fire rate of this rifle quickly made it a favorite. Reports of the successful use of Henry rifles and Civil War were numerous. In Major William Ludlow's account of the Battle of Allatoona Pass, he writes, "What saved us that day was the fact that we had a number of Henry rifles." "This company of 16 shooters sprang to the parapets and poured out such a multiplied, rapid and deadly fire, that no men could stand in front of it and no serious effort was made thereafter to take the fort by assault." After an encounter with the 7th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, which had the good fortune to be armed with Henrys, one Confederate officer is credited with the phrase, "It's a rifle that you could load on Sunday and shoot all week long."
Erected by Georgia State Parks & Historic Sites.
Location. 34° 6.84′ N, 84° 42.898′ W. Marker is in Allatoona, Georgia, in Bartow County. Marker can be reached from Old Allatoona Road SE 0.4 miles from Allatoona Landing Road SE, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Located at the head of the
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Wartime Allatoona (here, next to this marker); Demand For Surrender (here, next to this marker); The Railroad (here, next to this marker); The Memorial Field (here, next to this marker); Allatoona Pass (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Allatoona (within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome to Allatoona Pass Battlefield (within shouting distance of this marker); Iowa (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Allatoona.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on November 27, 2018. This page originally submitted on August 18, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 367 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 18, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.