Vicksburg National Military Park in Warren County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
The Mine Explosion
After weeks of digging with picks and shovels, Union fatigue parties reached the Third Louisiana Redan before you. Excavating a tunnel underneath the fort, the Federals planted 2,200 lbs. of black powder, and detonated the mine on the afternoon of June 25, 1863. In a column of flame and dirt, men, wagons, mules, and artillery were blown skyward. Union soldiers, led by the 45th Illinois Infantry, surged into the crater and attempted to exploit the breech in the Confederate works. Fighting raged for 26 hours before the Union assault was driven back.
A second though smaller mine was exploded on July 1, seven blacks who were working in the countershafts were buried. One slave was blown clear and landed behind Union lines. When asked how high he had gone, he replied "about 3 miles." He became known as the man who was blown to freedom. No infantry assault followed this explosion.
Three days later on July 4, Grant and a portion of his victorious army marched in along the Jackson Road, on your left, and took possession of Vicksburg and thus pocketed the key to Union victory.
Erected by Vicksburg National Military Park, National Park Service.
Location. 32° 21.521′ N, 90° 50.623′ W. Marker Touch for map. Located in Vicksburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Vicksburg MS 39183, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. John E. Smith's Brigade; Assault, May 22, 1863. (here, next to this marker); Andrew Hickenlooper (a few steps from this marker); Blasting Their Way (a few steps from this marker); U.S. Logan's Approach. (within shouting distance of this marker); Melancthon Smith (within shouting distance of this marker); Affair of the Crater; June 25-26, 1863. (within shouting distance of this marker); C.S. Appeal (Arkansas) Battery; (within shouting distance of this marker); Eugene Erwin (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vicksburg National Military Park.
Also see . . . Vicksburg National Military Park. National Park Service (Submitted on August 24, 2015.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 23, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 262 times since then and 82 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 23, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.