Buffalo in Johnson County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
High Side Freight Wagon
Before you is the “eighteen wheeler” of the 1860’s. It could haul 2000 lbs. to 5000 lbs. of weight depending on the grades of the trail. This model of the wagon was powered by oxen. Anywhere from 3 yokes (a yoke being two oxen) to 10 yokes, depending on the load and the trail or road. Notice that there is no seat on the wagon. This is because the teamster or bullwhacker walked on the left side of his oxen.
He would swing a long bull whip and out to the left, then back over his head and forward, to haze or discipline the oxen into the direction he wanted them to go. Because of this whip motion the bullwhackers drove their oxen from the left side. Wagon trains coming into a town or settlement passed each other on the left. Wagons being pulled by mules or horses passed ox drawn wagons on the left. This may be the reason that you operate a motor vehicle from the left seat.
Oxen were preferred by freighters over the western trails because the oxen cold subsist on grass, without having to haul additional forage. In addition, the oxen could be used for food on the trip or sold for beef at the end of the trip.
Notice the pioneering tools on the wagon. Breakdowns and upsets were frequent. Tools were needed to repair wagons and to make short stretches of trail passable. Remember there were no
Wagons, oxen, mules and horses; the trucks and diesels of an era past.
Location. 44° 21.235′ N, 106° 41.277′ W. Marker is in Buffalo, Wyoming, in Johnson County. Marker is at the intersection of E Hart Street (U.S. 16) and Interstate 25, on the right when traveling east on E Hart Street. Touch for map. Marker is located in front of the Bozeman Trail Steak House. Marker is at or near this postal address: 675 E Hart Street, Buffalo WY 82834, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Bozeman Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Big Horn Mountains (within shouting distance of this marker); Homesteader Cabin (within shouting distance of this marker); Powder River Country (approx. 0.7 miles away); Johnson County Courthouse (approx. 0.7 miles away); Johnson County War Memorial (approx. 0.7 miles away); Nate Champion's Diary (approx. 0.7 miles away); Homesteading and the Jenkins Family (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buffalo.
Categories. • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 25, 2015, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 226 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 25, 2015, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.