Medora in Billings County, North Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
The Little Missouri Badlands played a key strategic role in the conflict between American Indians and the expanding United States.
General Alfred Sully in 1864 led the first military expedition to cross the badlands. The expedition of 2,200 men and a large civilian wagon train entered the badlands from the east on August 6, fresh from a decisive victory on July 28 over the Sioux Indians at Killdeer Mountains.
Sully despaired of finding a route across the rugged terrain, but followed the guidance of a young Indian scout and successfully blazed a trail several miles south of present-day Medora. Sully’s command emerged from the badlands on August 9, after skirmishes with the Sioux, known as the Battle of the Badlands.
Military expeditions in 1871, 1872 and 1873 provided protection for railroad survey crews. Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer and his Seventh U.S. Cavalry were part of the 1873 escort.
Custer and his regiment passed through the area in 1876 on the way to defeat at the Little Bighorn River in Montana. The Custer Trail is now identified and marked for posterity.
Later in 1876, General George Crook passed through from the west, before turning south toward the Black Hills in a desperate march for supplies.
The U.S. Military established a presence in 1879 with the construction
(Marker Number 7.)
Location. 46° 55.055′ N, 103° 31.997′ W. Marker is in Medora, North Dakota, in Billings County. Marker is on Pacific Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is located just west of the Little Missouri River. Marker is in this post office area: Medora ND 58645, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Little Missouri Bridge (here, next to this marker); Little Missouri: The Town (here, next to this marker); Bad Lands Cantonment (here, next to this marker); Medora Cemetery (here, next to this marker); Chateau de Mores (within shouting distance of this marker); De Mores Packing Plant (approx. 0.2 miles away); Dreams of a Cattle Empire (approx. ¼ mile away); Loading Dock (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Medora.
More about this marker. A picture of the Battle of Mauve Terre appears at the top of the marker. Below are portraits of Lt. Col. George Custer and General Alfred Sully.
Categories. • Native Americans • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 28, 2015, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 243 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on August 28, 2015, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.