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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
King of Prussia in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Winter Encampment

December 19, 1777 – June 19, 1778

 
 
Winter Encampment Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
1. Winter Encampment Marker
Inscription. The countryside was stripped of trees. All available wood went to build and heat the city of huts that crowded this ridge.

When the Continental Army wintered here, every acre was heavily used – for entrenchments, stock pens, an artillery park, and parade grounds. Fields turned to mud. Within decades after the war, the scene had returned to woodlots and farmland. The tour route circles the encampment, now marked by earthworks and monuments.
 
Erected by Valley Forge National Historical Park, National Park Service, Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 40° 5.827′ N, 75° 25.516′ W. Marker is in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, in Montgomery County. Marker is on Outer Line Drive, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in Valley Forge National Historical Park on the auto tour road. Marker is in this post office area: King of Prussia PA 19406, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Greene’s Division (within shouting distance of this marker); Log City (within shouting distance of this marker); Soldiers’ Huts (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Greene’s Division
Marker in Valley Forge image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, March 20, 2010
2. Marker in Valley Forge
(about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); DeKalb’s Division (approx. 0.4 miles away); DeKalb's Division (Learned's Brigade) (approx. half a mile away); Maine (approx. half a mile away); Patriots of African Descent (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in King of Prussia.
 
More about this marker. The marker features a map of the Valley Forge encampment. Another map of the Outer Line Defenses appears on the upper right of the marker, with the caption “A natural triangle of defense: the Schuylkill River, Mount Joy, and the ridge with the Outer Line earthworks. This map was sketched by Brig. Gen. Louis Lebeque Duportail, Chief Engineer of the Continental Army. Duportail was one of several French officers who volunteered to help the patriot cause.”

The bottom right of the marker features a picture of soldiers digging entrenchments. It has a caption of “Extending into the distance, an almost continuous line of earthworks formed the Outer Line Defenses. If the British attacked from the south, they would have had to climb this open slope, while Americans fired from high ground.
Winter Encampment Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, March 20, 2010
3. Winter Encampment Marker
A Log City of Valley Forge can be seen in this photo, across the road from the marker.
Assaults never materialized.”
 
Also see . . .  Valley Forge National Historical Park. National Park Service. (Submitted on July 5, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. MilitaryNotable PlacesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Cannon and earthworks image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
4. Cannon and earthworks
Artillery and earthworks, such as these, were the basis of the Outer Line Defenses at Valley Forge. This photo was taken from the vicinity of the marker.
Valley Forge Log City image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
5. Valley Forge Log City
The Continental Army stayed in log huts such as these during their encampment in 1777-78. This photo was taken from the marker.
Valley Forge Earthworks image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
6. Valley Forge Earthworks
These earthworks are located further along on the Outer Line Defenses. Many earthworks like these are present in Valley Forge National Historical Park.
Artillery Park image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
7. Artillery Park
Gen. Henry Knox's Artillery Park is located at the center of the encampment. The Parade Grounds can be seen in the background of the photo.
Map of Outer Line Defenses image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, February 22, 2007
8. Map of Outer Line Defenses
The map of the Outer Line Defenses that appears on the marker was drawn by Brig. Gen. Louis Lebeque Duportail, Chief Engineer of the Continental Army.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 5, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 988 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on July 5, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   2, 3. submitted on March 20, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on July 5, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
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