Nancy in Pulaski County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead
An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union troops. This propelled the creation of a national cemetery system.
On September 11, 1861, the War Department directed commanding officers to keep “accurate and permanent records of deceased soldiers.” It also required the U.S. Army Quartermaster General, the office responsible for administering to the needs of troops in life and in death, to mark each grave with a headboard. A few months later, the department mandated interment of the dead in graves marked with numbered headboards, recorded in a register.
Creating National Cemeteries
The authority to create military burial grounds came in an Omnibus Act of July 17, 1862. It directed the president to purchase land to be used as “a national cemetery for the soldiers who shall die in the service of their country.” Fourteen national cemeteries were established by 1862.
When hostilities ended, a grim task began. In October 1865, Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs directed officers to survey lands in the Civil War theater to find Union dead and plan to
Most cemeteries were less than 10 acres, and layouts varied. In the Act to Establish and to Protect National Cemeteries of February 22, 1867, Congress funded new permanent walls or fences, grave markers, and lodges for cemetery superintendents.
At first only soldiers and sailors who died during the Civil War were buried in national cemeteries. In 1873, eligibility was expanded to all honorably discharged Union veterans, and Congress appropriated $1 million to mark the graves. Upright marble headstones honor individuals whose names were known; 6-inch-square blocks mark unknowns.
By 1873, military post cemeteries on the Western frontier joined the national cemetery system. The National Cemeteries Act of 1973 transferred 82 Army cemeteries, including 12 of the original 14, to what is now the National Cemetery Administration.
Reflection and Memorialization
The country reflected upon the Civil War’s human toll---2 percent of the U.S. population died. Memorials honoring war service were built in national cemeteries. Most were donated by regimental units, state governments
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Soldiers’ graves near General Hospital, City Point, Va., c. 1863. Library of Congress.
Knoxville was established after the siege of the city and Battle of Fort Sanders in 1863. Cemetery plan, 1892, National Archives and Records Administration.
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Lodge at City Point, Va., pre-1928. The first floor contained a cemetery office, and living room and kitchen for the superintendent’s family; three bedrooms were upstairs.
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National cemetery monuments, left to right: Massachusetts Monument, Winchester, Va., 1907; Maryland Sons Monument, Loudon Park, Baltimore, Md., 1885; and Women’s Relief Corps/Grand Army of the Republic Monument to the Unknown Dead, Crown Hill, Indianapolis, Ind., 1889.
Erected by U.S. Department of Veterans
Location. 37° 4.106′ N, 84° 44.248′ W. Marker is in Nancy, Kentucky, in Pulaski County. Marker can be reached from State Highway 80 0.2 miles from State Highway 235, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is located in the Mill Springs National Cemetery 100 feet east of the main entrance. Marker is at or near this postal address: 9044 Kentucky 80, Nancy KY 42544, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mill Springs National Cemetery (here, next to this marker); A Hard March (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Confederate Defense Line (about 500 feet away); Balie Peyton, Jr. (1833-1862) (approx. 0.8 miles away); "Battle on a Sabbath Morn" (approx. 0.8 miles away); The Union Line at the Fence (approx. 0.8 miles away); Fix Bayonets - Charge! (approx. 0.8 miles away); George Henry Thomas (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Nancy.
Categories. • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 10, 2015, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 159 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on September 10, 2015, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.