“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Scotland in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Defense Strategies

Defense Strategies Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Fuchs, July 1, 2008
1. Defense Strategies Marker
Inscription. Imagine defending this isolated peninsula during the Civil War. There were threats from within (from thousands of prisoners) and from without (by Confederate soldiers trying to free their comrades or gain territory). What's more, a pro-Southern population surrounding the Point.

To meet this challenge, Union strategists devised a complex defense plan. They built three forts, a series of rifle pits and a gun battery, positioning them to catch enemies in a murderous crossfire. These defenses, bolstered by navy gunboats offshore, made Point Lookout virtually unassailable with the weapons of the day.

Fort #1
A four-gun redoubt - with 10-foot high walls and a 20-foot wide dry moat was built in the center of the peninsula to prevent uprisings from the prison pen.

Fort #2
Fort Lincoln was the main fortification and center for base activity.

Fort #3
Located about 100 yards offshore on the Chesapeake Bay side, Fort #3 was a manned, 4-gun earthen fort similar to Fort #1.

Caption of photo on lower right side of marker
Rifle pits protecting Point Lookout.
Erected by Maryland Park Service.
Location. 38° 2.385′ N, 76° 19.44′ W. Marker is in Scotland, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker is on Point Lookout Road (Maryland Route 5). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Scotland MD 20687, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Bustling Civil War Community (here, next to this marker); Shipwreck! (here, next to this marker); Fort Lincoln (here, next to this marker); John Wilkes Booth (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Point Lookout State Park (about 600 feet away); Point Lookout-Hammond Hospital (about 600 feet away); A Crucial Point (about 600 feet away); Let There Be Light (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Scotland.
Categories. Notable BuildingsWar, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 7, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 709 times since then and 19 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on July 7, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.
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