Fort Montgomery in Orange County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Three Sisters Garden
The raised mounds you see to the rear are a recreation of a native “Three Sisters” garden. Corn, beans, and squash, the Three Sisters were companion crops planted by the natives. As the story goes, the Three Sisters augmented each other in a symbiotic relationship. Sister Corn would grow straight and tall providing a natural trellis for Sister Bean. In return, Sister Bean fixed nitrogen for Sister Corn, who was always hungry. Sister Squash provided shade for the roots of Sister Corn and Sister Bean, and kept animals and pests away with her long vines with sharp hairs. Interestingly enough modern nutritional research has shown that the amino acid groups of the 3 sisters, together, make up a complete protein!
The Three sisters were planted in mounds of earth about 2 to 3 feet in diameter and about a foot or two away. The corn was planted in the four cardinal directions paying respect to these principle directions and their relationship to the earth. This three sister garden was planted using authentic, heirloom seeds. According to the latest research, the Lenape Indians living in this area first adopted agriculture about 1000 years ago. Like other northeastern Indians, the Lenape would have planted Three Sisters gardens to supplement harvests of wild game and fish. Young Lenape would learn how to hunt,
Location. 41° 19.41′ N, 73° 59.217′ W. Marker is in Fort Montgomery, New York, in Orange County. Marker can be reached from U.S. 9W, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located at the Fort Montgomery State Historic Site, behind the visitor center. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Montgomery NY 10922, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gardens of the Fort (a few steps from this marker); Grand Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); The Naval Battle of Fort Montgomery (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Battle of Fort Montgomery (about 300 feet away); Building a Fort (about 300 feet away); Fort Montgomery Today (about 300 feet away); 32-Pounder (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named The Naval Battle of Fort Montgomery (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Montgomery.
Categories. • Horticulture & Forestry • Native Americans •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 13, 2015, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 169 times since then and 26 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on October 13, 2015, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.