Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

 
 
Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott Marker (Front) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 20, 2015
1. Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott Marker (Front)
Inscription.
Side 1
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Louis McCauley Parks was arrested on this site for refusing the order of city bus driver J. F. Blake to vacate her seat under the segregation laws of the Jim Crow era. She was taken to police headquarters at City Hall for booking, then to the municipal jail on Ripley Street. Civil rights leader E. D. Nixon, accompanied by attorney Clifford Durr, soon arrived to post her bail. Parks's arrest galvanized black leaders to organize a boycott of the bus system for Dec. 5, the date she was to appear in Municipal Court. Her conviction and the success of the one-day bus protest inspired the creation of the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) to continue what came to be known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
(Continued on other side)

Side 2
(Continued from other side)
The 382-day boycott was the first sustained mass demonstration against segregation in the U.S. and launched the 20th-century civil rights movement. It also thrust Martin Luther King Jr., the elected leader of the MIA, into national prominence. The boycott ended after a lawsuit filed by Mrs. Parks's attorney, Fred D. Gray, ultimately led the federal courts to declare segregated bus seating unconstitutional. Mrs. Parks went on to become a national heroine,
Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott Marker (Reverse) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 20, 2015
2. Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott Marker (Reverse)
but in the aftermath of the boycott she and her husband were denied employment in Montgomery. They moved to Detroit, where she lived out her life. She died October 24, 2005, universally honored for her courage and activism.
 
Erected 2015 by the Alabama Historical Association.
 
Location. 32° 22.59′ N, 86° 18.68′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Montgomery Street and Molton Street, on the right when traveling south on Montgomery Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 252 Montgomery Street, Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Tribute to Montgomery's "Foot Soldiers" (a few steps from this marker); The First White House of the Confederacy (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866 (about 600 feet away); Naming the City of Montgomery / Brigadier General Richard Montgomery (about 600 feet away); Judge Frank M. Johnson: Judicial Fairness in the Age of Segregation (about 600 feet away); Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce
Rosa Louise Parks image. Click for full size.
By Public Domain ca. 1955
3. Rosa Louise Parks
Photograph of Rosa Parks with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. USIA / National Archives and Records Administration Records of the U.S. Information Agency Record Group 306
(about 700 feet away); Court Square Fountain (about 700 feet away); The Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Federal Building and US Courthouse (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
 
Also see . . .
1. History Channel article on the Bus Boycott (with photos). (Submitted on December 5, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Wikipedia article on Rosa Parks. (Submitted on December 5, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. African AmericansCivil RightsRailroads & Streetcars
 
Rosa Parks Museum in Montgomery image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 5, 2015
4. Rosa Parks Museum in Montgomery
Rosa Parks statue in museum (sitting on bus seat) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 5, 2015
5. Rosa Parks statue in museum (sitting on bus seat)
Rosa Parks display inside museum. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 5, 2015
6. Rosa Parks display inside museum.
Troy University's Davis Theatre across from marker. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 5, 2015
7. Troy University's Davis Theatre across from marker.
Marker near front of Rosa Parks Museum & Library image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 5, 2015
8. Marker near front of Rosa Parks Museum & Library
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 5, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 387 times since then and 102 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on December 5, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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