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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Bessemer Bend in Natrona County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
 

Science Visits the West

 
 
Science Visits the West Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 17, 2015
1. Science Visits the West Marker
Captions: (bottom right) Dr. Ferdinand V. Hayden (seated at far end of table, facing camera) brought his survey party to Red Buttes in August 1870. Frontier photographer William Henry Jackson of Omaha stands at the far right. Jackson, 27, achieved renown as an illustrator of the West, living to the full age of ninety-nine years.; (standing, left to right) John and Val, cooks - S.R. Gifford - H.W. Elliott - J. Stevenson - H.D. Schmidt - C. Carrington - L. Bartlett - W.H. Jackson; (seated, left to right) C.S. Turnbull - J.H. Seaman - Dr. F.V. Hayden - Cyrus Thomas - A.L. Ford.; (bottom right) W.H. Jackson, Phot., U.S. Geological Survey, 1870.
Inscription. Field exploration by scientists in the late 1800s illuminated the American West. One of the most charismatic of these men was Dr. Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden. Born in 1828 in Massachusetts and trained as a physician, Dr. Hayden first journeyed to the Great Plains at the age of 24. A skilled student of geologic history, Hayden made some of the first dinosaur fossil discoveries in North America.
Following the Civil War, Dr. Hayden persuaded Congress to fund natural history surveys into the territories of Nebraska, South Dakota, Wyoming and Colorado. Assembling the brightest observers of nature for his field teams, Hayden fed the public's hunger for knowledge about the resources of the upper Rocky Mountain West from 1866 to 1878.
During the 1871 field season Dr. Hayden described the geothermal features of the Yellowstone River region and the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River. With his party were landscape painter Thomas Moran and photographer William Henry Jackson, whose works are among the best visual interpretations of the grand vistas of the West.
Modern students of geology and the natural sciences are indebted to the work of Dr. Hayden and his men, as well as that of John Wesley Powell, Clarence King, and George M. Wheeler, each of whom led diverse surveys of the great American wilderness.
As historian
Science Visits the West Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, September 17, 2015
2. Science Visits the West Marker
This marker is in the distance, on the right near the river.
Richard A. Bartlett concluded in Great Surveys of the American West, these scientific studies "confirmed an impression that the rest of the world has cherished for a long time: the American West is a wonderland."
 
Erected by Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.
 
Location. 42° 46.452′ N, 106° 31.79′ W. Marker is near Bessemer Bend, Wyoming, in Natrona County. Marker is on Bessemer Bend Road (County Route 308) near Speas Road (County Route 311), on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 14456 Bessemer Bend Road, Casper WY 82604, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Reluctant Farewells (a few steps from this marker); Marking Their Progress (within shouting distance of this marker); Ranching Takes Its Place (within shouting distance of this marker); Witnessing the Past (within shouting distance of this marker); Shape of the Future (within shouting distance of this marker); "History Is Not Obvious" (within shouting distance of this marker); Queen City of the West (within shouting distance of this marker); First Among Many (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bessemer Bend.
 
More about this marker. This marker is located at the Bureau of Land Management's Bessemer Bend Historic Site.
 
Also see . . .  Hayden Geological Survey of 1871. In the spring of 1871, Hayden selected the members of the survey team, 32 in all, from among friends and colleagues, seven previous survey participants, and a few political patrons. Included in the party was William Henry Jackson, his photographer from his 1870 survey and Thomas Moran, a guest artist arranged by Jay Cooke. (Submitted on January 2, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. ExplorationScience & Medicine
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 2, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 137 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 2, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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