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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Ciudad de Mexico, Ciudad de México, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Santiago Church

Iglesia de Santiago

 
 
Santiago Church Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, November 2, 2015
1. Santiago Church Marker
Inscription.
La iglesia de Santiago Tlatelolco, fue la tercera edificación del mismo templo, y fue inaugurado por Fray Juan de Torquemada en 1609. Vista desde las alturas, su forma es de cruz, tal y como se acostumbraba desde la época medieval. Su fachada principal está hacia el poniente.
La iglesia perduró en funciones hasta las guerras de Reforma del siglo XIX, cuando fue saqueada y sus monumentales retablos fueron desmantelados. Hoy podemos apreciar el fragmento central donde aparece Santiago Apóstol, un enorme mural de San Cristóbal, una pila bautismal y las esculturas de barro estucado y policromo que decoran las pechinas que soportan la cúpula principal, lo que en conjunto forman las reminiscencias del templo católico que se inauguró en 1545.
Destaca la decoración de la portada norte de la iglesia, donde por encima del arco, aparece el santo patrono de la orden religiosa: San Francisco, en un nicho y por encima de éste, aparece un águila indígena que sujeta con sus garras un escudo mexica flanqueado por flechas y macana. Y en la parte triangular, hacia abajo, aparecen orlas con incisiones que nos recuerdan el símbolo prehispánico de Tlatelolco, aun cuando está dispuesto de forma invertida, siendo por tanto, elementos que reflejan el sincretismo del señorío de indígenas encabezado por Cuauhtémoc en los albores novohispanos.

Pie
Western entrance to Santiago Apostle Church image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, November 2, 2015
2. Western entrance to Santiago Apostle Church
de dibjuo: Imágenes satelitales

English
The Santiago Tlatelolco Church was the third construction of said temple and was inaugurated by Friar Juan de Torquemada in 1609. Viewed from the top, it has a cross shape, as had been the custom since the Medieval Ages. Its main façade faces westward.
The church persisted until the Reformation wars of the nineteenth century, when it was looted and its gigantic altarpieces were dismantled. Today we are able to see the central piece where Santiago Apostol appears, a huge mural of Saint Christopher, the baptismal bath and the stuccoed clay and polychrome sculptures that adorn the pendentives that support the principal dome, which collectively hearken the Catholic temple that was inaugurated in 1545.
The decoration on the northern façade of the church stands out, where on top of the arch the patron saint of the religious order, Saint Francis, appears in a niche, and on top of him, we see an indigenous eagle that holds in its talons a Mexica shield flanked by arrows and a club. In the triangular part toward the bottom, there are borders with incisions that remind us of the Prehispanic symbol of Tlatelolco, even when it is shown upside down, which are elements that reflect the harmony of indigenous kingdoms headed by Cuauhtémoc in the early novohispanic period.

Caption: Satellite images
 
Erected by Conaculta.
 
Location. 19° 27.068′ N, 99° 8.221′ W. Marker is in Ciudad de Mexico, Ciudad de México. Marker can be reached from Eje Central Lázaro Cárdenas just north of Avenida Ricardo Flores Magón. Touch for map. The marker is at the main western entrance to the Church of Santiago Apóstol on Eje Central near the intersection with Avenida Ricardo Flores Magón. Marker is in this post office area: Ciudad de Mexico, Ciudad de México 06900, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. From peaceful convent to bellicose military barracks (a few steps from this marker); Coyolxauhqui: The dismembered goddess (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Tlatelolco (within shouting distance of this marker); Favor request…and talent for the gods (within shouting distance of this marker); Full color Tlatelolco: The temple of the paintings (within shouting distance of this marker); Church of Santiago (within shouting distance of this marker); Stage 1 of the Templo Mayor de Mexico Tlatelolco (within shouting distance of this marker); Tlatelolco’s great temple (“Templo Mayor”): A mirrored image of Tenochtitlan (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ciudad de Mexico.
 
Categories. AnthropologyChurches & ReligionMan-Made FeaturesWars, Non-US
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 9, 2017. This page originally submitted on January 5, 2016, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 331 times since then and 74 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 5, 2016, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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