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Bayeux in Calvados Département, Basse-Normandie, France — Lower Normandy (Atlantic Coast)
 

Les Abords du Chevet de la Cathédrale

Cathedral Surrounding Area

 

—Bayeux, la Qualité a ses Racines —

 
Les Abords du Chevet de la Cathedrale Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, June 29, 2008
1. Les Abords du Chevet de la Cathedrale Marker
Inscription. En française:
La recomposition paysagère entreprise autour du chevet de la cathédrale permet de restituer l'édifice dans son environnement médiéval. Jusqu'à la fin du XVIIIe siècle, la cathédrale était en effet l'élément majeur d'un vaste complexe architectural aujourd'hui en partie démembré.

Elle est implantée à proximité des remparts est de la ville qui longeaient la rue Larcher actuelle. La Porte de Saint-Vigor (A), tour fortifiée située à quelques pas de l'abside, était l'un des quatre accès de la cité. Elle fut démantelé en 1756.

L'entrée dans la ville s'effectuait en longeant l'église Saint-Etienne (B) dont le chœur était encastré dans le rempart. Fondée au VIIe siècle, elle passe pour être l'une des plus anciennes églises de Bayeux. C'est ici que les offices publics de la paroisse de la cathédrale (paroisse Saint-Sauveur) se déroulèrent de la fin du XIIe siècle jusqu'au milieu du XVIIe siècle, pour ne pas troubler les célébrations ayant lieu dans le chœur de la cathédrale réservé aux membres du clergé. L'église est détruite en raison de sa vétusté en 1676. La demeure médiévale voisine servit quant à elle à la fonte des cloches jusqu'au XVIIIe siècle.

Face à l'entrée de l'église se trouvait le cimetière paroissial (C) le plus important
Notre Dame Cathedral image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, June 29, 2008
2. Notre Dame Cathedral
de la cité. Probablement implanté dès le XIe siècle, il fut abandonné en même temps que l'église Saint-Etienne.

Dans l'espace compris entre la cathédrale et l'église, une porte (D) permettant d'accéder à la cour intérieure de l'ancien palais épiscopal fut construite au début du XVIe siècle. Destinée au passage des processions, seul le clergé avait le privilège d'en franchir le seuil.

English:
The Cathedral’s medieval setting has been recreated by landscaping the area around the Cathedral. In fact, up to the end of the 18th century it was the principal feature in a vast architectural complex that is not partially broken up.

It was located close to the city ramparts that ran along the present Rue Larcher. The Porte de Saint-Vigor (A), a fortified tower located a few steps away from the apse, was one of the four entry points into the city. It was dismantled in 1756.

The entry into the city ran along the side of Saint-Etienne church (B). Founded in the 7th century and destroyed in 1676, it was one of the oldest churches in Bayeux. For its part, up until the 18th century, the neighboring mediaeval house was used for casting bells.

The parish cemetery (C), the biggest in the city, was located facing the main church doors. In the early 16th century, in the area between the Cathedral and the church,
Notre Dame Cathedral-Inside image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, June 29, 2008
3. Notre Dame Cathedral-Inside
a doorway (D) was built allowing access to the former Bishop’s Palace inner courtyard and designed for the passage of processions.

In the early 16th century, in the area between the Cathedral and the church, a doorway (D) was built allowing access to the former Bishop's Palace inner courtyard and designed for the passage of processions.

(Inscription below the map:
Circuit du Vieux Bayeux
 
Erected by La ville de Bayeux. (Marker Number 3.)
 
Location. 49° 16.511′ N, 0° 42.174′ W. Marker is in Bayeux, Basse-Normandie, in Calvados Département. Marker is at the intersection of Rue LL Le Forestier and Rue Saint-Laurent on Rue LL Le Forestier. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Bayeux, Basse-Normandie 14400, France.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Un édifice du Xe siècle (a few steps from this marker); Le Rempart Gallo-Roman (a few steps from this marker); Le palais Episcopal (within shouting distance of this marker); Le Doyen du Chapitre (within shouting distance of this marker); 50th Northumbrian Division Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker);
Notre Dame Cathedral-Altar image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, June 29, 2008
4. Notre Dame Cathedral-Altar
L'Esplanade Flachat (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); Autour des Augustines (about 180 meters away); L'Aure (about 180 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bayeux.
 
Categories. Churches, Etc.
 
Notre Dame Cathedral-Altar (close up) image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, June 29, 2008
5. Notre Dame Cathedral-Altar (close up)
Notre Dame Cathedral-Memorial to the 56th Infantry Brigade-British Liberation Army image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, June 29, 2008
6. Notre Dame Cathedral-Memorial to the 56th Infantry Brigade-British Liberation Army
(This marker is affixed to the interior wall of the Cathedral) To the memory of all ranks of 56th Infantry Brigade who died in the campaign for the liberation of North Western Europe June 1944-May 1945. Erected by their comrades-We Shall Remember
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 8, 2016, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 176 times since then and 26 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on January 8, 2016, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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