Near Midwest in Natrona County, Wyoming — The American West (Mountains)
Tempest at the Teapot
—Black Gold Highway — Teapot Dome Oilﬁeld —
The Teapot Dome investigation lasted nine years. It involved two congressional hearings as well as many trials, including a Supreme Court trial.
Political Intrigue. In 1909 President Taft set aside Teapot Dome Oilfield for the U.S. Navy’s use in case of national emergency. This upset private oil companies who had already filed claims and begun extracting oil from the property. A decade later under President Harding, Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall took control of the naval oil reserves away from the Navy Department—an act that was later deemed to be illegal.
Greasing Palms. Secretary Fall leased Teapot Dome to Mammoth Oil (a subsidiary of Sinclair Oil and magnate Harry Sinclair) in 1922. The stated objective was to extract oil from the ground before neighboring companies drained it and to store the oil for the Navy at convenient seaports. The problem was that Fall accepted bribes for leasing the field secretly and without competitive bidding.
Brewing Scandals. A backlash of complaints flooded Washington
Publicized Corruption. Exposing back-room dealings among wealthy financiers along with high-ranking government and military officials, the political storm astounded the nation. Meanwhile, President Harding died, and Secretary Fall resigned—as did secretary of the navy Edwin Denby and Attorney General Harry Daugherty. Receiving more media attention than any prior political event, the disgrace threatened to throw the 1924 presidential election in favor of the Democrats.
Fate of the Teapot. In 1924 Teapot Dome was placed in receivership. In 1927 control of the oil land was returned to the Navy, and the wells were sealed. In the previous five years of development, 87 oil wells were drilled—including the biggest producer in the history of Wyoming. In fulfillment of their contract, Mammoth Oil also constructed a 700-mile pipeline from Teapot Dome to the Missouri River, which provided the first major outlet for Wyoming crude to national markets and was a major economic force for the region. Mammoth also built storage tanks, machine shops, and pumping stations at Teapot Dome, as well as Navy structures
The Fall Guy. In 1931 Albert Fall was convicted, fined, and imprisoned for committing a felony while in office—the first Cabinet officer to bear this shame. Although Fall was guilty of these crimes, he also became the “fall” guy for other guilty parties and other corruption in the Harding administration. Ironically, Harry Sinclair was acquitted of bribery but fined and sentenced to jail for contempt of court and of the Senate. The result of the Teapot Dome Scandal was to open the public's eyes to the close relationship between government and big business.
Folow the Black Gold Byway. Visit information kiosks to discover more about the Salt Creek Oilfield.
Erected 2006 by Wyoming State Parks and Cultural Resources Office, now managed by the Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office.
Location. 43° 18.81′ N, 106° 15.33′ W. Marker is near Midwest, Wyoming, in Natrona County. Marker is on State Highway 259 4½ miles north of Exit 210 (Interstate 25), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Midwest WY 82643, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Salt Creek Oil Field (a few steps from Salt Creek Oil Field (approx. 6.7 miles away); Gushers, (approx. 6.7 miles away); Oil Boom Towns (approx. 7 miles away); Society in an Oil Patch (approx. 7 miles away); a different marker also named Salt Creek Oil Field (approx. 7 miles away); Midwest Veterans Memorial (approx. 7 miles away); Geology (approx. 7.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Midwest.
More about this marker. Albert Fall was convicted in 1929, not 1931 as it reads on the marker.
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Natural Resources • Politics •
Credits. This page was last revised on July 5, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 10, 2016. This page has been viewed 367 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on January 10, 2016. 2. submitted on July 5, 2016, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. 3, 4. submitted on January 10, 2016, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.
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