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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fort Eustis in Newport News, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Matthew Jones House

Bourbon

 
 
Matthew Jones House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., January 7, 2016
1. Matthew Jones House Marker
Inscription. Newport News was a small community located in Warwick County until late in the 19th century. Established as a town in 1880, it was incorporated as a city in 1896. Warwick County, one of the eight original Virginia shires formed by 1634, became extinct in 1952 when it was designated the city of Warwick. It merged with Newport News in 1954.

Matthew Jones, an early settler of Mulberry Island, owned this tract by the mid-seventeenth century. He also operated a mill at the head of Poquoson River in York County. His grandson Matthew Jones II (1690-1728), of Isle of Wight County, inherited the land and built this house about 1725. A cousin lived here until Jones's sone Scervant Jones inherited the estate, including livestock and slaves. Scervant Jones, who died in 1773, served as a county magistrate and tobacco inspector. His son, Allen Jones, was a Yorktown merchant and lived here during the American Revolution until his death in 1787. Bourbon then passed through several owners; Colonel Thomas Tabb acquired it in 1887 from Henry Francis. Tabb sold it in 1893 to William R. Webb, who remodeled the house. In 1917, when Camp Eustis was established, the U.S. Army used Bourbon as a weather station and for officers' housing.

Bourbon is the only known surviving earthfast structure in Virginia. Its design reflects the transition
Close up of photographs on the Matthew Jones House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., January 7, 2016
2. Close up of photographs on the Matthew Jones House Marker
These photographs of the Matthew Jones House were taken during the 1900s and show thr house in different stages of deterioration and preservation. The slanting white lines of brick indicate the gable ends of the original dwelling before the second story was added.
Photo provided for use on the marker courtesy of Lee Hall Mansion
from the early colonial manor house toward the gentrified Georgian plantation mansion. The original dwelling had exposed decorative framing with clustered chimneys on each end. The supporting timbers, set in the ground (hence earthfast), rotted in the humid climate. Bricks were fired on Mulberry Island for the decorative Flemish bond brickwork laid above the water table and English bond below. Bourbon's hall-parlor floor plan — one room served as a bedchamber and the other as a kitchen — was typical of the period. By 1730, the house had been transformed into a T-shaped dwelling with a one-story gable-roof, a central two-story enclosed porch, and a lean-to addition on the rear. The house also contained a new arched front door and a projecting tower entrance. Inside, the space was also altered. The hall became a parlor for entertaining, while the service activities of the slaves were moved from the hall to outbuildings including a separate kitchen. Bourbon stood unchanged until Webb's 1893 remodeling raised the main section to two stories. A restoration in 1994 repaired decades of neglect.
 
Erected 2007 by Newport News Foundersí Trail.
 
Location. 37° 9.603′ N, 76° 36.166′ W. Marker is in Fort Eustis, Virginia, in Newport News. Marker can be reached
Matthew Jones House and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., January 7, 2016
3. Matthew Jones House and Marker
from Harrison Road near Taylor Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Eustis VA 23604, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Matthew Jones House (within shouting distance of this marker); "Magnolia House" - Chief of Transportation's Quarters (approx. 0.4 miles away); John Rolfe (approx. 0.8 miles away); Glebe Lands (approx. 1.3 miles away); Felker Army Airfield (approx. 1.3 miles away); Mulberry Point & Sir Thomas West (approx. 1.6 miles away); Stanley Hundred (approx. 1.9 miles away); Balthrope (approx. 1.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Eustis.
 
Also see . . .  A rare look at Fort Eustis' historic Matthew Jones House. This article, by Mark St. John Erickson, was published in the Daily Press (Newport News, VA) on October 19, 2015. (Submitted on January 23, 2016, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 
 
Matthew Jones House image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., January 7, 2016
4. Matthew Jones House
Matthew Jones House Commemorative Plaque image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., January 7, 2016
5. Matthew Jones House Commemorative Plaque
In Memoriam, Lt. Col. John James Curry, USA (Ret.)
September 18, 1937 — August 14, 2007
"You dared to care about an old Brick House and worked to preserve it."
FEHAA 2008
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 15, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 23, 2016, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 236 times since then and 44 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on January 23, 2016, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.
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