Philadelphia in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Act of Pennsylvania Assembly 1735
The State House Yard, now known as Independence Square, was the scene of both turmoil and tranquility in the late 1700s.
On the eve of the American Revolution, Philadelphia citizens gathered here for mass meetings to protest British policies. As protests turned to war, soldiers drilled and drums echoed, disturbing the deliberations of the Continental Congress inside the State House. The most important result of those deliberations was the Declaration of Independence which was first read in public here in the State House Yard on July 8, 1776.
The scene was quite different when the Constitutional Convention convened in 1787. The sounds of war had faded and the courtyard had become a peaceful garden. Winding walkways, grassy mounds, and a rich variety of trees and bushes provided a tranquil setting for the founding of the new government.
Erected by Independence National Historical Park.
Location. 39° 56.916′ N, 75° 9′ W. Marker is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia County. Touch for map. Marker is near the center of Independence Square. Marker is in this post office area: Philadelphia PA 19106, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. Independence Hall (a few steps from this marker); Commodore John Barry, U. S. N. (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Independence Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); Memorial to the Soldiers and Patriots of the Revolution (within shouting distance of this marker); John F. Kennedy (within shouting distance of this marker); Abraham Lincoln (within shouting distance of this marker); Declaration Chamber (within shouting distance of this marker); In This Building (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Philadelphia.
Regarding Independence Square. Photo: Artist's conception of the July 8 reading of the Declaration of Independence here. Congress, acting for the people had declared "that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be Free and Independent States..."
Diagram: Buildings in Independence Square.
Categories. • Government • Notable Buildings • Notable Events • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 17, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 804 times since then and 49 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 17, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.