Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Eads in Kiowa County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Why?

Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site

 
 
Why? Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, October 8, 2010
1. Why? Marker
Inscription. For years, Cheyenne and Arapaho traveled and hunted the Great Plains in the shadow of the Rocky Mountains. But in 1858, gold fever struck in Colorado Territory. Miners rushed in and tens of thousands of settlers followed. Competition for land became great. Conflict was inevitable.

Skirmishes and raids erupted along overland routes, and at Indian camps and isolated ranches. When U.S. soldiers killed Cheyenne Chief Lean Bear, warriors clamored for revenge. The murder of rancher Nathan Hungate and his family sparked widespread fear and panic in Denver and throughout the Territory.

Governor Evans envisioned statehood for Colorado Territory and promised protection for its citizens. He directed friendly Arapaho and Cheyenne to go to the U.S. Indian Agent at Fort Lyon, "who will show them a place of safety." But for hostile Indians, he issued a call for all Colorado citizens to "pursue, kill, and destroy" them. Only then, he proclaimed, "can we secure a permanent and lasting peace."


"All citizens of Colorado...go in pursuit, kill and destroy all hostile Indians that infest the Plains..."
Territorial Governor John Evans

 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 38° 32.962′ 
Entrance to Sand Creek Massacre NHS image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, October 8, 2010
2. Entrance to Sand Creek Massacre NHS
View to northwest from County Road W towards overlook area and marker site
N, 102° 30.709′ W. Marker is near Eads, Colorado, in Kiowa County. Marker is on County Road W 1.3 miles east of County Road 54. Touch for map. Marker is located in Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site; the above directions are to the intersection of County Road W and the driveway to the park visitor center. Marker is in this post office area: Eads CO 81036, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Pleas for Peace (here, next to this marker); Remains (within shouting distance of this marker); Testimony (within shouting distance of this marker); Healing (within shouting distance of this marker); The Sand Creek Massacre (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Attack (approx. 0.2 miles away).
 
More about this marker. The marker is along the trail to the monument and overlook; it is a 0.5 mile walk from the visitor center parking lot to the marker.

Marker includes a photo of the Indian encampment at Fort Lyon and a photo of Territorial Governor John Evans.
 
Also see . . .
1. Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site. Official National Park Service website. (Submitted on March 11, 2016.) 

2. Sand Creek Massacre - Wikipedia entry. (Submitted on March 11, 2016.)
 
Categories. Native AmericansWars, US Indian
 
Site of Sand Creek Massacre image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, October 8, 2010
3. Site of Sand Creek Massacre
View from the overlook
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 11, 2016, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 291 times since then and 44 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on March 11, 2016, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.   2, 3. submitted on February 19, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.
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