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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Philadelphia in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Christ Church

1695

 
 
Christ Church Marker image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
1. Christ Church Marker
Inscription. The very existence of Christ Church and the elegant majesty of this building is a testament to the success of William Penn's "Holy Experiment." His Charter of Privileges allowed all denominations freedom of worship, even the Church of England from which Quakers had dissented on their native soil.
Today, Christ Church is often called "The Nation's Church," and its history is closely tied to that of colonial Philadelphia and the birth of America. George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and Betsy Ross all worshipped here, along with 15 signers of the Declaration of Independence and other patriots, though many Loyalists were counted among its members as well.
Founded on this site in 1695, Christ Church quickly grew into one of the largest congregations in Philadelphia. By 1726, the 800 parishioners needed a larger house of worship. Construction on the present building began in 1727, to plans drawn by Dr. John Kearsley, who also helped design the State House (Independence Hall). When it was completed in 1744, this magnificent Georgian structure stood as one of the largest buildings in north America. The steeple and bells were added in 1754, financed, in part, by lotteries organized by Benjamin Franklin.
Christ Church plays an important role in the religious history of America. It was here, in 1789, that the American Episcopal Church
Christ Church Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 25, 2017
2. Christ Church Marker
was created, still tied to, but independent from the mother Church of England. The Protestant episcopal Church in the United States chose as its second bishop the reverend William White, who had been Christ Church rector since 1779 and had served as a chaplain to the Continental Congress in Yorktown.
In 1804, Christ Church was also the site of the ordination of Absalom Jones, the Episcopal Church's first African-American priest.
Today, Christ Church remains active in the life of the city and the nation, not only as a well loved landmark and historic site, but as a leader in reaching out to the poor and addressing contemporary problems ranging from housing to violence. The congregation of Christ Church continues a 300-year-old tradition of celebrating the Creator who has endowed us with those inalienable rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
 
Erected by Old Philadelphia Congregations.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks, and the Signers of the Declaration of Independence marker series.
 
Location. 39° 57.04′ N, 75° 8.619′ W. Marker is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia County. Marker is at the intersection of 2nd Street and Church Street, on the right when traveling south on 2nd Street. Touch for map
Christ Church Sanctuary image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
3. Christ Church Sanctuary
. Marker is in this post office area: Philadelphia PA 19106, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Resting Place of Seven Signers of the Declaration of Independence (a few steps from this marker); James Wilson (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Christ Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Andrew Hamilton (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Christ Church (within shouting distance of this marker); The Original Eight Bells in this Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Pierce Butler (within shouting distance of this marker); Jacob Broom (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Philadelphia.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Christ Church & Burial Ground markers.
 
Categories. African AmericansChurches, Etc.Colonial EraGovernmentLandmarksNotable BuildingsNotable EventsNotable PersonsPatriots & PatriotismWar, US Revolutionary
 
Christ Church Organ image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
4. Christ Church Organ
Pew 58 image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
5. Pew 58
George Washington and John Adams occupied this pew.
Washington Pew image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
6. Washington Pew
Here worshipped
George Washington
General in Chief of the Continental Army
First President of the United States
and
Martha Washington
from 1790 to 1797
The pew was noted by the Vestry in 1797 to those of
John Adams
Second President of the United States
It was occupied at a religious service by
Lafayette
in his second visit to America, 1824/center>
Pew 52 image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
7. Pew 52
Occupied by Robert Morris
Morris Pew image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
8. Morris Pew
Here worshipped Robert Morris
Financier of the Revolution
Signer of the
Declaration of Independence
Articles of Confederation
and
The Constitution of the United States
Superintendant of Finance
Founder of the First National
Bank in the United States
Married Mary White
sister of
Bishop William White
in this church
Buried in the Churchyard
Pew 60 image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
9. Pew 60
Occupied by Benjamin Franklin.
Franklin Pew image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
10. Franklin Pew
Here worshipped
Benjamin Franklin
Philosopher and Patriot
Christ Church - National Historic Landmark image. Click for full size.
By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
11. Christ Church - National Historic Landmark
Christ Church
has been designated a
Registered National
Historic Landmark
Uner the provisions of the
Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935
This site possesses exceptional value
in commemorating or illustrating
the history of the United States
U.S. Department of the Interior
National Park Service
1970
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 17, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 19, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,137 times since then and 72 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on July 19, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.   2. submitted on August 2, 2017, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on July 19, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.
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