Near Mobeetie in Wheeler County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Buﬀalo Soldiers at Fort Elliott
One black officer stationed at Fort Elliott was Henry O. Flipper, commissioned as a second lieutenant in 1877. Born of slave parents in 1856, he was the first black graduate of the United States Military Academy and the first black commissioned officer in the United States Army. Flipper embarked on a forty-year military and civilian career on the western border and frontier. In the fall of 1879, his regiment of the 10th Cavalry was ordered to Fort Elliott. As Post Adjutant, Lt. Flipper served as the executive officer. All post business was transacted through him. Being educated as an engineer at West Point, one of his duties was to oversee building the telegraph line across the Canadian River to Fort Supply.
The black soldiers’ role in clearing the Texas Panhandle of Indians, outlaws and rustlers may have been tedious sometimes, but was crucial to fulfill the goal of settling the west. Fort Elliott was abandoned in 1890 when Indians were no longer a threat and law and order was established by civilian courts. The original Fort Elliott flag pole now stands at the Mobeetie Jail Museum 1.5 miles east of this marker. Several soldiers who served here purchased
Erected 2012 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 17753.)
Location. 35° 31.065′ N, 100° 27.416′ W. Marker is near Mobeetie, Texas, in Wheeler County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of West Oklahoma Avenue (State Highway 152) and County Road 4, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in roadside rest area. Marker is in this post office area: Mobeetie TX 79061, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Site of Fort Elliott (here, next to this marker); Quanah Parker Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Mobeetie (approx. 0.9 miles away); Emanuel Dubbs (approx. one mile away); Captain G. W. Arrington (approx. one mile away); Fort Elliot Flagpole (approx. one mile away); Frank Willis, Sr. (approx. one mile away); Temple Lea Houston (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mobeetie.
Categories. • African Americans • Forts, Castles •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 20, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 9, 2016, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 273 times since then and 85 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on April 9, 2016, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona.