The Mormon Pioneer Trail / A Road and River, Well Traveled
Beginning in February of 1846, the vanguard of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the Mormons) struggled across southern Iowa on the way to their "New Zion" in the Rocky Mountains.
The trek from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Kanesville (Council Bluffs), Iowa, tested the endurance of humans, animals, and equipment. The frozen landscape of an Iowa February soon turned into a thawing mixture of nearly impassable mud and muck. Their unshakable faith and determination sustained them, however, and thousands of men, women, and children arrived at the Missouri River, having completed this first portion of the journey west under extremely difficult conditions.
After wintering in the present-day Omaha/Council Bluffs district, the Saints continued across Nebraska and Wyoming to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake. Today, a marked 1,624 mile long auto tour route closely parallels this historic route.
The Mormon Pioneers struggled across the Iowa prairies, traversed the Great Plains of Nebraska, climbed the backbone of the continent at South Pass, Wyoming, and descended the Pacific slope of the Rocky Mountains to the Great Salt Lake Valley of Utah.
The original Nishnabotna River bed, which lies in front of you, was crossed by a ferry.
This site saw the passing of many different groups of people. The road past the Ferry House had been a Pottawattamie Indian Trail in the 1830's. The Mormon Pioneer Trail of 1846 followed the ridge you see in the distance to your left. In 1849, California gold seekers passed this way, and in 1856-57, Mormon handcart companies, pushing west from Iowa City, joined this road just east of the town of Lewis.
In 1851, the road was surveyed as the state road from Des Moines to Indiantown, which was then located a short distance across the Nishnabotna.
The Mormon handcarts were generally six or seven feet long and were made entirely out of wood. They carried about 500 pounds of flour, bedding, [illegible], clothing, cooking utensils, and a tent.
These excerpts, selected from thousands of faded Pioneer journals, tell us how it was on the trail for the Mormon Pioneers, who in spite of daily toil, hardships, and death, left us a thousand windows into the past.
[Most of entry illegible]
Patrick Twiss Bermingham, July 3, 1856
[Illegible] long and tedious journey of 25 miles. Some of brethren fainted on the
Marching song of the Mormon Handcart Pioneers
For some must push and some must pull
As we go marching up the hill,
As merrily on the way we go
Until we reach the Valley, oh.
Erected by Iowa Mormon Trails Association.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Mormon Pioneer Trail marker series.
Location. 41° 18.495′ N, 95° 5.624′ W. Marker is in Lewis, Iowa, in Cass County. Marker is on Minnesota Street / Nishna Valley Road 0.8 miles west of Lewis Road / 1st Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 705 Minnesota Street (The Old Ferry House), Lewis IA 51544, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Memorial Building (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Mormon Trail (approx. 0.3 miles away); World Wars Memorial (approx. 0.3 miles away); Fighting Slavery – Aiding Runaways (approx. 0.6 miles away); Rev. George B. Hitchcock House
Also see . . .
1. Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. (Submitted on April 11, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Iowa Mormon Trails Association. (Submitted on April 11, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 11, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 251 times since then and 45 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on April 11, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. 6. submitted on April 13, 2016, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.