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St. Mary's City in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Fear of War, People of Peace

 
 
Fear of War, People of Peace Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 22, 2016
1. Fear of War, People of Peace Marker
Inscription. When Maryland's first Settlers arrived in 1634 they expected to encounter trouble, both from local American Indians and from rival English Colonists across the Potomac River in Virginia.

To assure a place of safety they built a fort at St. Mary's City armed with cannons sent by Lord Baltimore on the Ark. Archaeologists have not yet pinpointed the location of the fort, but his iron cannon may have been used there. It was discovered under the water of the St. Mary's River in 1824.

Although there were periodic conflicts with Virginians, the Yaocomaco Indians generously welcomed the settlers in 1634. The fort never needed as a place of refuge or defense against Indian raids.

“… we have seated ourselves, within one half mile of the river, with a palizado of one hundred and twenty yarde square with foure flankes, we have mounted one peece of ordinance … a fortification (we think) sufficient to defend against any such weake enemies we have reason to expect here.” — Leonard Calvert, May 30 1634
 
Location. 38° 11.028′ N, 76° 25.846′ W. Marker is in St. Mary's City, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker can be reached from Point Lookout Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Marys City MD 20686, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
Fear of War, People of Peace Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 22, 2016
2. Fear of War, People of Peace Marker
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. St. Mary’s City (approx. 0.2 miles away); Leonard Calvert (approx. 0.2 miles away); Discovering Layers of the Past (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Arrival of Governor Copley (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mattapany Street (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mathias de Sousa (approx. ¼ mile away); In 1648 Margaret Brent Asks for “Vote...And Voyce” (approx. ¼ mile away); Upon This Shore (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Mary's City.
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, Castles
 
Iron Cannon image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 22, 2016
3. Iron Cannon
This iron cannon was found in the St. Mary's River in 1824 and was put on display in St. Mary's city in 1934 as part of the Tercentennial celebration.
Close-up of photo on marker
Cannonball image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 22, 2016
4. Cannonball
Seventeenth-century cannonball from St. Mary's City shown with an illustration of a cannon called a demiculvern. We know Lord Baltimore sent demicuverns with the original expedition when they departed England in 1633.
Close-up of photo on marker
Fear of War, People of Peace Marker and Cannon image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 22, 2016
5. Fear of War, People of Peace Marker and Cannon
In front of the Reconstructed Brick Chapel
The Iron Cannon image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 22, 2016
6. The Iron Cannon
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 4, 2016, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 168 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 4, 2016, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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