Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fredonia in Coconino County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts

Dominguez y Escalante Expedition 1776-1976

 
 
Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, May 17, 2016
1. Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker
Inscription. A worn and hungry band of Spanish explorers made camp at Johnson Wash, six miles to the east, on October 21, 1776. Fathers Dominguez and Escalante called it Santa Barbara. They found no water for horses or the men who were subsisting on meager supplies of pinion nuts and prickly-pear cakes obtained in trade from the local Paiutes.

The Spaniards had already spent nights without water and only minimal nourishment. Lorenzo de Olivares was nearly mad with thirst after eating too many of the salty cactus cakes. He disappeared that evening stumbling up the wash. Having worried about their companion all night, the padres found him the next morning at some small pools near the base of the red Shinarump Cliffs to the north.

The territory known as the Arizona Strip confronted the expedition with some of its most brutal difficulties. Wandering first southeasterly then north, without the aid of native guides, they struggled through a hard and rutted land searching for the Ute crossing of the Colorado River.

Dominguez and Escalante returned to Santa Fe in January, 1777 after exploring much of what is now the Four Corners region but having failed in their effort to open a land route to Spanish settlements at Monterey.
 
Erected 1976 by Arizona Bicentennial Commission.
 
Marker series.
Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, May 17, 2016
2. Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker
This marker is included in the Dominguez y Escalante Expedition marker series.
 
Location. 36° 56.542′ N, 112° 31.55′ W. Marker is in Fredonia, Arizona, in Coconino County. Marker is on U.S. 89A at milepost 609, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fredonia AZ 86022, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Pipe Springs National Monument (here, next to this marker); Fredonia Centennial (a few steps from this marker); The Final Frontier (approx. 1.4 miles away); Historic Log Cabin (approx. 1.4 miles away); Kanab Forts (approx. 4.4 miles away in Utah); Bowman-Chamberlain House (approx. 7.2 miles away in Utah); Andrew Prine (approx. 7.2 miles away in Utah); Dennis Weaver (approx. 7.2 miles away in Utah). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredonia.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Categories. Exploration
 
Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, May 17, 2016
3. Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 28, 2016, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 166 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 28, 2016, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona.
Paid Advertisement