Near Leadville in Lake County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Oﬃce of Stratigic Services (O.S.S.) NORSO (Rype Group) Special Force
Activated 10 July 1942 at Camp Ripley Minnesota
Deactivated 11 November 1945 at Camp Miles Standish, Boston Massachusetts
Battle Awards - Presidential Unit Citation- Belgian Croix De Guerre Normandy – Northern France – Ardennes – Rhineland – Central Europe
8 May 1945
As quoted by an unknown but remembered 2nd Armored Division Major at the end of the attack thru Northern France “This Viking Battalion is the only infantry outfit tanks have trouble keeping up with”
Erected 1985 by 99th Infantry Battalion and NORSO Veterans Groups.
Location. 39° 21.717′ N, 106° 18.65′ W. Marker is near Leadville, Colorado, in Lake County. Marker is at the intersection of 10th Mountain Division Memorial Highway (State Highway 24) and Tennesee Pass Road on 10th Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Leadville CO 80461, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Norwegian Memorial (a few steps from this marker); 10th Mountain Division Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Construction of Camp Hale (approx. 5.2 miles away); Top Secret (approx. 6Ĺ miles away); Fremont Pass (approx. 6.6 miles away); Welcome to Climax! (approx. 6.6 miles away); Kokomo Masonic Lodge (approx. 6.7 miles away); Matchless Mine (approx. 7.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Leadville.
Regarding Office of Stratigic Services (O.S.S.) NORSO (Rype Group) Special Force. A new interpretive sign will be 3'x 4' and located to the left of the Norwegian Memorial. To be erected in the Summer 2016. The site is maintained by the 10th Mountain Division Foundation, 99th Infantry Battalion Foundation and the Special Forces Association Chapter IV/XXIV.
Also see . . . OSS Operation RYPE / NORSO. During late 1944/early 1945 a sabotage mission to Norway was planned, with the name Operation RYPE (Norwegian for Grouse). The main mission would be to destroy railroad lines in Norway making it impossible (Submitted on June 18, 2016, by Erik Brun of Chester, Virginia.)
1. Norwegian Operational Groups
Major General William J. “Wild Bill” Donovanís vision to create an organization that would integrate intelligence, counterintelligence and field operations into one distinct organization gave rise to the Office of Strategic Services or OSS.
In the summer of 1943, a hundred men of the 99th were selected by the OSS for clandestine operations in Europe. These Norwegian speaking soldiers would become the core of two Norwegian Operational Groups of the London based Special Operations section became known as NORSO. In August and September, 1944, teams parachuted into France and conducted a new kind of warfare against the enemy. In the winter one of the Operational Groups was ordered to China to train Nationalists Chinese Commandos while the other launched an operation into Norway. In March 1945, Operation RYPE, led by Major William Colby, interdicted German movements in Norway. Today these Operational Groups are seen as pioneering examples for future US Army American Special Forces units.
The men of the 99th and NORSO would see their ancestral homeland and serve as honor guards to welcome the Norwegian Royal family on their return, proudly cementing the bonds between these two great nations.
— Submitted June 18, 2016, by Erik Brun of Chester, Virginia.
Categories. • War, World II •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 19, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 4, 2016, by Erik Brun of Chester, Virginia. This page has been viewed 357 times since then and 90 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on June 18, 2016, by Erik Brun of Chester, Virginia. 2, 3. submitted on June 4, 2016, by Erik Brun of Chester, Virginia. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.