Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
A Diversion: Second Battle of Fredericksburg
Gibbon’s opportunity to seize the heights had passed, but the Federals had caused the Confederates to overextend their line. Southern artillery directed to this area was not available where needed elsewhere and Union columns broke through at Sunken Road, Hanover Street, and William Street (one mile south of here). The Federals redeployed and followed the victorious columns to the west, toward Salem Church.
Captain Oliver Wendell Holmes of the 20th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment took part in his brigade’s advance to the canal. While his unit sought shelter near Fall Hill Road (behind you), shrapnel from an artillery round took off his heel, his third wound of the war. Holmes
Brigadier General John Gibbon was a solid ﬁghter from the Regular Army. Born in Philadelphia, but raised in North Carolina, he remained loyal to the Union while his three brothers took up arms for the Confederacy. After the war, in 1876, Gibbon would lead the column that buried George Armstrong Custer and his troopers at the Little Big Horn River.
On May 3, 1863, while the main armies were ﬁghting at Chancellorsville, the Federal Sixth Corps confronted a Confederate division in the second battle of Fredericksburg. That morning, Gibbon maneuvered his force to cross this canal (1), but the Confederates responded by repositioning cannons from William Street (2) and from Fall Hill (3). A Federal assault punched through the weakened Confederate line at William Street (4), while additional columns overran Marye's Heights (5) with the help of an enveloping assault (6). This map is oriented to the direction you are facing and also shows the modern road network.
Location. 38° 18.69′ N, 77° 28.61′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker is on Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. 1) 0.2 miles south of Fall Hill Avenue (Virginia Route 639), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Located along the Rappahannock Canal Path. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. “Fall Hill” (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named “Fall Hill” (approx. 0.2 miles away); Elmhurst (approx. 0.3 miles away); Industrial Interlude (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Canal Ditch: Battlefield Obstacle (approx. 0.4 miles away); Carl's (approx. 0.4 miles away); Amoroleck Encounters John Smith (approx. half a mile away); Veterans of Foreign Wars Eternal Flame (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericksburg.
Also see . . . Old Marker at this Location. This marker replaced an older one at this location titled “A Diversion” (Submitted on June 21, 2016.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 21, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 20, 2016, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 257 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 20, 2016, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.